The Kitiki Studio. The Kitiki Studio.
paragon cs+fusion kilns or tumblers at electrictumblers.co.uk   
kilns
more kilns
 
support
 
 
 
 
materials
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
tools
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
extras
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
contact:sales
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Paragon Fusion-10 Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Controller For Annealing, Casting, Fusing, And Slumping Glass. Paragon FibreFuse 16 Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, Moulding, And Slumping Glass. Paragon Fusion CS5630 Kiln With A Sentry Programmer For Annealing, Casting, Fusing, Sagging, And Slumping Glass.
Paragon Fusion 7 Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, And Slumping Glass.
Paragon Fusion 10 Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, And Slumping Glass.
Paragon Fusion 14 Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, And Slumping Glass.
Paragon Fusion 16 Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, And Slumping Glass.
Paragon Fusion 19 Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Controller For Annealing, Fusing, And Slumping Glass.
Paragon Fusion Ovation-1013 Kiln With A Sentry Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, And Slumping Glass.
Paragon Fusion CS14S Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, And Slumping Glass.
Paragon Fusion CS16S Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Controller For Annealing, Fusing, And Slumping Glass.
Paragon Fusion CS19S Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, And Slumping Glass.
Paragon Fusion CS26 Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Controller For Annealing, Fusing, And Slumping Glass.
Paragon Fusion FibreFuse-16 Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, And Slumping Glass.
Paragon Fusion CS5630 Kiln With A Sentry Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, And Slumping Glass.
Paragon FibreFuse-16 Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, And Slumping Glass.
Paragon Fusion 7XL Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, And Slumping Glass.

The Paragon Fusion, CS ClamShell, and FibreFuse Kilns For Glass Annealing, Beads, Casting, Fusing, Lampwork, Melting, Moulding, Sagging, And Slumping.

Paragon Fusion, CS ClamShell, and FibreFuse kilns are generally used for annealing, casting, fusing, melting, moulding, sagging, and slumping glass, china paints, decals, fire polishing, and lost wax, although they have other applications. They're 925°C kilns with digital programmers, in Paragon blue or customised berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise. Learn about Paragon CS Clam Shell, Fibre Fuse, and Fusion kilns on this page.


There are five multi-sided versions, in ascending order of internal size: the seven-sided Fusion 7 and 7XL, the eight-sided Fusion 8 and 8XL, and the ten-sided Fusion 10. They're 925°C, top-opening, floor-standing kilns with firebrick interiors and Sentry Xpress 3-key programmers. XL means extra large. The Fusion 7XL is 1.39 times taller than the Fusion 7 and the Fusion 8XL is 1.22 times taller than the Fusion 8.

There's one ten-sided oval version: the Fusion Ovation 1013. It's a 925°C, top-opening, floor-standing kiln with a firebrick interior and a Sentry 12-key programmer.

There are eleven square versions, in ascending order of internal size: the Fusion 14, CS14S, CS14D, Fusion 16, CS16S, CS16D, FibreFuse 16, Fusion 19, CS19S, CS19D, and CS26S. They're 925°C, top-opening, table-top kilns with firebrick or ceramic-fibre interiors and Sentry Xpress 3-key or Sentry 12-key programmers. CS means ClamShell. The CSXXS versions have single opening: the lid and body together. The CSXXD have double opening: the lid or the body separately.

There's one rectangular version: the CS5630. It's a 925°C, top-opening, floor-standing kiln with a firebrick and ceramic-fibre interior and a Sentry 12-key programmer.


Prices here are transparent: they're for UK-EU voltage, CE marked, CL CSA approved, and TUV tested kilns, and include comprehensive instructions, a glass-work guide, UK VAT, and free continuing support from a top-tier international distributor.

For prices, trading terms, and secure on-line shopping, use the shop link below the menu bar near the top-right of any page. The order form is on the shop page, after the price list near the bottom.

Kilns that weigh over 30kg including the packing can't be delivered by a regular parcel-service van: they need a tail-lift lorry with a hydraulic pallet trolley. GB-mainland delivery charges are on the shop page. For other locations, call or mail.

Paragon Fusion 7 Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, Moulding, And Slumping Glass. Paragon Fusion 7XL Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing, Decals, Fusing, And Slumping Glass.
Paragon Fusion 7 Glass Kiln. Paragon Fusion 7XL Glass And Decals Kiln.
Paragon Fusion 8 Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, Moulding, And Slumping Glass. Paragon Fusion 8XL Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, Moulding, And Slumping Glass.
Paragon Fusion 8 Glass Kiln. Paragon Fusion 8XL Glass Kiln.
Paragon Fusion 10 Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, Moulding, And Slumping Glass. Paragon Fusion 14 Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Controller For Annealing, Fusing, Moulding, And Slumping Glass.
Paragon Fusion 10 Glass Kiln. Paragon Fusion 14 Glass Kiln.
Paragon Fusion 16 Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, Moulding, And Slumping Glass. Paragon Fusion 19 Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, Moulding, And Slumping Glass.
Paragon Fusion 16 Glass Kiln. Paragon Fusion 19 Glass Kiln.
Paragon Fusion Ovation Kiln With A Sentry Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, Moulding, And Slumping Glass. Paragon Fusion CS14S Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Controller For Annealing, Fusing, Moulding, And Slumping Glass.
Paragon Fusion Ovation 1013 Glass Kiln. Paragon Fusion CS14S Glass Kiln.
Paragon Fusion CS14D Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, Moulding, And Slumping Glass. Paragon Fusion CS16S Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, Moulding, And Slumping Glass.
Paragon Fusion CS14D Glass Kiln. Paragon Fusion CS16S Glass Kiln.
Paragon Fusion CS16D Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, Moulding, And Slumping Glass. Paragon Fusion FiberFuse-16 Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Controller For Annealing, Fusing, And Slumping Glass.
Paragon Fusion CS16D Glass Kiln. Paragon FibreFuse 16 Glass Kiln.
Paragon Fusion CS19S Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, Moulding, And Slumping Glass. Paragon Fusion CS19D Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For For Annealing, Fusing, And Slumping Glass.
Paragon Fusion CS19S Glass Kiln. Paragon Fusion CS19D Glass Kiln.
Paragon Fusion CS26 Kiln With A Sentry Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, Moulding, And Slumping Glass. Paragon Fusion CS5630 Kiln With A Sentry Controller For Annealing, Fusing, Moulding, And Slumping Glass.
Paragon Fusion CS26 Glass Kiln. Paragon Fusion CS5630 Glass Kiln.
Paragon Table With Casters. Orton-Paragon Sentry Xpress Programmer.
Paragon Table With Casters. Paragon Sentry Xpress Programmer.
Orton-Paragon Sentry Digital Controller. Bartlett-Paragon Sentinel SmartTouch Touch-Screen Digital Controller.
Paragon Sentry Programmer. Paragon Sentinel Smart-Touch Touch-Screen Controller.

If you want to look at specific CS-Fusion kilns and don't need to read any general introductions, compare or review the main features, or consider other kilns, use the button below to jump down the page. I'll start with the smallest.

Click To Jump To The Fusion Kilns.

A GENERAL INTRODUCTION TO THE PARAGON CS, FIBREFUSE, AND FUSION KILNS

OPTIONAL READING
Paragon Fusion 7 Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, Moulding, And Slumping Glass. Paragon Fusion FibreFuse-16 Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, And Slumping Glass. Paragon Fusion CS-19S Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, And Slumping Glass. Paragon Fusion CS-26 Kiln With A Sentry Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, Moulding, And Slumping Glass.

Why Is A Paragon CS Or Fusion Kiln The Best Mix Of Technologies At The Best Price?

Paragon Fusion, CS ClamShell, and FibreFuse kilns are generally used for annealing, casting, fusing, melting, moulding, sagging, and slumping glass, china paints, decals, fire polishing, and lost wax, although they have other applications.


There are five multi-sided versions, in ascending order of internal size: the seven-sided Fusion 7 and 7XL, the eight-sided Fusion 8 and 8XL, and the ten-sided Fusion 10. They're 925°C, top-opening, floor-standing kilns with firebrick interiors and Sentry Xpress 3-key programmers. XL means extra large. The Fusion 7XL is 1.39 times taller than the Fusion 7 and the Fusion 8XL is 1.22 times taller than the Fusion 8.

There's one ten-sided oval version: the Fusion Ovation 1013. It's a 925°C, top-opening, floor-standing kiln with a firebrick interior and a Sentry 12-key programmer.

There are eleven square versions, in ascending order of internal size: the Fusion 14, CS14S, CS14D, Fusion 16, CS16S, CS16D, FibreFuse 16, Fusion 19, CS19S, CS19D, and CS26S. They're 925°C, top-opening, table-top kilns with firebrick or ceramic-fibre interiors and Sentry Xpress 3-key or Sentry 12-key programmers. CS means ClamShell. The CSXXS versions have single opening: the lid and body together. The CSXXD have double opening: the lid or the body separately.

There's one rectangular version: the CS5630. It's a 925°C, top-opening, floor-standing kiln with a firebrick and ceramic-fibre interior and a Sentry 12-key programmer.


Paragon's US kiln names often include numbers or letters which represent dimensions in inches, not mm, or features or version numbers.

However, the numbers are used inconsistently: 7, 8, and 10 represent the number of sides, and 14, 16, 19, 26, and 56 represent the approximate interior width in inches. Any B versions have bead-annealing doors, the W have viewing-windows, and the BW have both. XL means extra large. So rely on the descriptions here.

If it helps, there are handy approximate conversions: 1 inch is 25mm, 6 inches is 150mm, 12 inches is 300mm, and 24 inches is 600mm.

Every version is described in detail below so, although there's a comparative table and photos, I recommend that you set aside some time and read about them, because:


This internet resource is very comprehensive so is much easier to use on a computer than on a tablet or a phone. If you want to compare the different versions you could print the relevant pages. They should print correctly on A4 paper but check first in Print Preview so that nothing goes missing, particularly if you normally use wide margins. Fast or economy print will use less ink.


Paragon CS, FibreFuse, and Fusion kilns are versatile, professional, glass-work kilns with comprehensive programmers and a two-year guarantee.


Yours can be in Paragon blue or customised berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise: although customised kilns are made to order, so can't be returned if the colour isn't exactly as in the photo. And, for the multi-sided kilns, it's only the control boxes that are painted: not the whole kiln.


The Fusion 7, 7XL, 8, 8 XL, 10, 14, 16, FibreFuse 16, 19, CS14S, CS14D, CS16S, CS16D, CS19S, and CS19D normally have a Sentry Xpress 3-key digital programmer. Its features include twenty-five free-to-set sequences, each one with up to twenty segments.

The Ovation 1013, CS26, and CS5630 normally have a Sentry 12-key digital programmer. Its features include thirty-five free-to-set sequences, each one with up to twenty segments, and automatic control over hardware options: an electric kiln vent, a gas injection system, and a USB computer interface.

Alternatively, you can choose an advanced touch-screen Sentinel Smart Touch. Its features include those of the Sentry 12-key and real-time displays of voltage and current, a novice mode with prompts, firing sequences presented graphically, and wifi connectivity: so a functional upgrade not just a design preference.

When the programmer turns the elements off at, for example, 700°C, residual heat will continue to increase the temperature briefly. A small kiln might overshoot to, for example, 715°C before dropping back down. The programmer's software slows down the heating just before the target temperature, reducing any overshoot and improving the accuracy.

Digital programmers allow you to set up sequences, each one with multiple heating, holding, or cooling segments: so you can choose the heating and cooling rates, target temperatures, and hold times, save the sequences, and re-use them.

Being able to create, edit, and save your own programmes is important because, having experimented and diversified, most people fire materials, or combinations of materials, at different temperatures and for different times than are recommended.


For the multi-sided kilns, the top row of bricks doesn't have an element groove, so the firing chamber is stronger around the top edge where the lid closes. In addition, the two meeting surfaces are hardened with refractory cement.

The FibreFuse 16, Fusion 19, and CS19 elements are embedded in rigidised ceramic-fibre: an important safety feature. As they're not exposed, the kilns don't need a lid cut-off switch so, if you open them to check on enamelling or fusing, the elements will stay on and the kiln won't lose heat quickly.


They have special-limit nickel-chromium K-type thermocouples. These respond quickly to changes in temperature, resist corrosion, and have an error margin of less than 0.4% instead of the typical 0.8%. However, for continual high-temperature high-precision professional use, these can be upgraded to platinum-rhodium S-types.


Some kilns are too heavy or too large for a regular table or worktop. If you can't find a strong table locally, Paragon makes two strong steel tables, both with casters: either 812mm x 812mm x 457mm high with one shelf for your accessories, materials, and tools, or 812mm x 812mm x 787mm high with two shelves.

If you decide to use an old wooden table, or a self-assembly table with screw-in legs, it must be strong and stable otherwise it might twist and collapse.

Of course, although some kilns come with legs or tables, you don't have to use them. You could stand the kiln on a worktop if the height is more convenient. However, you'll need to put the kiln on 50mm thick firebricks so that air can circulate.


The US-international kilns don't come with a shelf or posts or kiln wash so, if you don't need a shelf, you won't have to pay for one. However, for enamelling, glass, metal clays, and some other materials and processes, there are optional pro shelf kits: never fire things directly on the floor of the firing chamber.

I've recommended pro kits because a durable heavy cordierite shelf resists thermal fracture, provides a smooth stable work surface, protects the floor of the kiln's interior from accidents, and helps to even out any small temperature changes during annealing, enamelling, fusing, and heat treating as the elements turn on and off.

Sometimes, half-sizes or other sizes might be easier to move and arrange if you want to stack pieces having different dimensions or shapes.


For help, or in the unlikely event of a fault, you can mail or call an engineer in the UK. However, checks, adjustments, and repairs are simple, needing little more than a PosiDriv screwdriver: watch the on-line videos using the watch-videos link or read the help pages using use the help link, both below the menu bar near the top of any page. Alternatively, we can service the kiln in our workshop at Cherry Heaven.

APPLICATIONS: WHAT CAN I DO WITH A PARAGON CS OR FUSION KILN?

OPTIONAL READING

You can use these kilns for annealing beads and glass, casting, fusing, sagging, slumping, dichroic glasses, fire polishing, glass art, lampwork, pâte de verre, and staining glass.

Although smaller kilns are more economic for jewellery-making, you can still use most popular small-scale materials such as Accent Gold, Art Clay metal clays, BullsEye glasses, dichroic glasses, enamels, GlasClay, Image Transfer Solution, Metal Clay Veneer, PMC silver clay, Prometheus bronze clay, ProCopper clay, and SilverEtch.
And there's an increasingly diverse range of other metal clays, such as Cinter, Clay Mania, Creative, Goldie, Hadar Jacobson, Metal Adventures, Meteor, Noble, and PMC Sterling.

You can make architectural parts, beads, bowls, candleholders, chandeliers, decorations, figurines, glass-art, jewellery, miniatures, model parts, necklaces, ornaments, pendants, plates, souvenirs, stained-glass designs, tableware, tiaras, and tiles, as unique hand-crafted pieces or repeatable stock for sale.


They're ideal for your arts centre, college, commercial glassworks, course venue, glass studio, school, or technical facility. Especially as they have a two-year warranty.

IS A FUSION, CS, OR FIBREFUSE THE BEST CHOICE?

OPTIONAL READING
Paragon Fusion 7 Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, Moulding, And Slumping Glass. Paragon Fusion FibreFuse-16 Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, And Slumping Glass. Paragon Fusion CS-19S Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, And Slumping Glass. Paragon Fusion CS-26 Kiln With A Sentry Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, Moulding, And Slumping Glass.

Is A Paragon Fusion Kiln Going To Be The Best Long Term Choice?

The Fusion and CS kilns are hot enough, at 925°C, for general glass work, within their size limits. However, if you think that a smaller, larger, or hotter kiln might be more versatile, here are some suggestions:


Bead-annealing kilns generally have a maximum temperature of 650°C. For these, look at the BlueBird. However, other kilns have bead doors: the small 1290°C Caldera B and 1095°C SC2B, the medium 1290°C Xpress E12B, and the larger 925°C Fusion 14B. These are all hotter than the BlueBird, so more versatile.

Glass kilns generally have a maximum temperature of 925°C. For these, look at the F Series, Fusion:CS Series, GL Series, or Pearl Series. These are not hot enough for ceramics and porcelain.

Jewellery, silver clay, and enamelling kilns generally have a maximum temperature of 1095°C. For these, look at the small SC Series or the medium Xpress Series. The SC series are not hot enough for ceramics and porcelain.

Vitrigraph kilns generally have a maximum temperature of 1095°C. For these, look at the small Caldera or the medium Vitrigraph.

Ceramics kilns generally have a maximum temperature of 1290°C. For these, look at the small Caldera Series and FireFly Series, medium Xpress Series, or large Janus Series, PMT Series, and TNF Series. These can also be used for glass work.

Heat-treating kilns generally have a maximum temperature of 1095°C or 1290°C. For these, look at the HT Series and PMT Series. Although they look similar, the HT has a bottom-hinged door and the PMT has a side-hinged door.

Knife-making kilns generally have a maximum temperature of 1290°C. The KM Series are made for depth rather than width. You can choose a guillotine, drop-down, or a side-hinged door.

The W Series have a top vent so are usually used for jewellery moulds and lost-wax burnout. For lost-wax casting there are optional wax trays. The small SC Series and most of the medium Xpress Series also have top vents.


To learn more about these and other kilns, use the appropriate links below the menu bar near the top of the page. And remember that each series has kilns of different sizes with different options.


VERSION DESCRIPTION MAX °C WATTS KG INTERIOR INTERIOR SIZE MM
Fusion 7 top-opening 925 1800 61 firebrick seven-sided 368 x 165
Fusion 7XL top-opening 925 2400 63 firebrick seven-sided 368 x 229
Fusion 8 top-opening 925 3120 82 firebrick eight-sided 445 x 229
Fusion 8XL top-opening 925 4800 87 firebrick eight-sided 445 x 279
Fusion 10 top-opening 925 7200 117 firebrick ten-sided 597 x 279
Fusion 14 top-opening 925 1800 48 firebrick square 356 x 356 x 165
Fusion CS14S body-opening 925 1800 71 firebrick square 356 x 356 x 165
Fusion CS14D lid and body-opening 925 1800 71 firebrick square 356 x 356 x 165
Fusion 16 top-opening 925 2400 75 firebrick square 406 x 406 x 165
Fusion CS16S body-opening 925 2400 85 firebrick square 406 x 406 x 165
Fusion CS16D lid and body-opening 925 2400 85 firebrick square 406 x 406 x 165
FibreFuse 16 top-opening 925 1800 34 fibre square 406 x 406 x 152
Fusion 19 top-opening 925 3840 95 firebrick square 483 x 483 x 165
Fusion CS19S body-opening 925 3840 98 firebrick square 483 x 483 x 165
Fusion CS19D lid and body-opening 925 3840 98 firebrick square 483 x 483 x 165
Fusion CS26 body-opening 925 7200 240 firebrick square 660 x 660 x 337
Fusion CS5630 body-opening 925 16000 300 firebrick rectangular 1422 x 762 x 406
Fusion Ovation top-opening 925 7200 182 firebrick ten-sided 1041 x 572 x 292
BlueBird XL two bead doors 815 1700 36 firebrick rectangular 508 x 229 x 114
Caldera bead-door and window options 1290 1800 20 firebrick square 203 x 203 x 171
F500 two punty doors 650 6850 273 firebrick rectangular 610 x 457 x 565
Janus 1613 top-opening 1290 4800 90 firebrick eight-sided 419 x 337
Pearl 22 top opening 925 7200 146 firebrick square 559 x 559 x 330
PMT18 front-opening 1290 6500 170 firebrick rectangular 330 x 457 x 330
SC2B bead-door option 1095 1680 16 fibre square 199 x 203 x 145
Xpress E12 front opening 1290 2200 38 firebrick rectangular 196 x 295 x 219

THE PARAGON FUSION 7

GLASS ANNEALING, CASTING, FUSING, SAGGING, AND SLUMPING
Paragon Fusion 7 Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, Casting, And Slumping Glass. Paragon Rolling Stand With Casters. Paragon Blue Or Customised Berry, Black, Jade, Navy, Pink, Purple, Or Turquoise. Orton-Paragon Sentry Xpress Programmer.

The Paragon Fusion 7 For Glass Annealing, Beads, Casting, Fire Polishing, Fusing, Lampwork, Melting, Moulding, Sagging, And Slumping.

The Paragon Fusion 7 is a 925°C, seven-sided, plug-in, top-opening, floor-standing kiln, with a ramp-hold Sentry Xpress 3-key digital programmer. Choose Paragon blue or customised berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise. However, it's only the control boxes that are painted: not the whole kiln.


Paragon uses inches, not mm. However, for the Fusion 7, the number 7 doesn't mean it's 7 inches anywhere. It's about 14.5 inches across and 6.5 inches high inside, and 7 means it has 7 sides.


The UK-EU kiln is rated at 230V-240V 1800W, so it can use a regular mains socket. It's fitted with a switch that cuts off power to the elements when the kiln is opened: a UK-EU legal safety requirement. However, never get careless: kilns are very hot and connected to the mains.

The external dimensions are 559mm x 662mm x 584mm high. The body has two lifting handles and a wide-view peephole-vent in one of the sides. The lid is hinged along the back edge and has a fold-away locking support. The separate stand, which replaces the legs shown in the first photo, is 457mm x 457mm x 305mm high and has four optional lockable casters. The shipping weight, including the crate, is about 62Kg.

The firing chamber measures 368mm x 165mm high and heats from the top, with the elements in dropped recessed grooves in the 76mm thick firebrick lid. For durability, the meeting edges of the lid and body are hardened with refractory cement. The kiln has an electro-mechanical relay and a long-life nickel-chromium K-type thermocouple.

The programmer's electronic display prompts for heating rates, target temperatures, and hold times, making it easy to set up and re-use accurate drying, heating, holding, and cooling sequences.


The Fusion 7B has a 165mm x 50mm bead-annealing door with a bead-mandrel holder in one of the sides, the Fusion 7W has a 75mm x 25mm glass viewing-window in one of the sides, and the Fusion 7BW has both. Otherwise, they're similar to the Fusion 7XL.


The accessories, options, and upgrades for this kiln are in the on-line shop:

List. a berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise control boxes respray: normally blue
List. a ceramic fibre lid with a brushed stainless-steel top: factory fitted
List. a programmer upgrade: Sentry Xpress 3-key to a Sentry 12-key: more useful features: factory fitted
List. a programmer upgrade: Sentry Xpress 3-key to a Sentinel Touch: more useful features: factory fitted
List. a 165mm x 50mm letter-box style bead-annealing door: factory fitted
List. a 75mmx 25mm heat-resistant glass viewing-window: factory fitted
List. an electric kiln vent: factory fitted
List. an auxiliary power output for automatic vent control: factory fitted: needs 12-key or touch
List. a USB computer interface: factory fitted: needs 12-key or touch
List. a silent long-life mercury relay upgrade: factory fitted
List. a precision long-life S-type platinum-rhodium thermocouple upgrade: factory fitted
List. shelf kits and shelf paper
List. charcoal for the stainless steel container used for firing some metal clays
List. lost-wax burn-out, casting, and enamelling tray
List. ceramic fibre cloth
List. ceramic block
List. HEPA dust mask
List. clear protective glasses
List. glare-resistant glasses
List. heat-resistant gloves

EXTRACTS FROM REVIEWS, AND MY OPINION

The Fusion 7 is a fully-programmable starter kiln for general glass work, and ideal for course venues, schools, studios, or a home business as it heats up quickly and can be moved away on its rolling stand. It's guaranteed for two years.


The kiln has the popular Sentry Xpress 3-key digital programmer. Its features include twenty-five free-to-set sequences, each one with up to twenty segments.

You can upgrade to an enhanced Sentry 12-key. Its features include thirty-five free-to-set sequences, each one with up to twenty segments, and automatic control over hardware options: an electric kiln vent, a gas injection system, and a USB computer interface.

Or an advanced touch-screen Sentinel Smart Touch. Its features include those of the Sentry 12-key and real-time displays of voltage and current, a novice mode with prompts, firing sequences presented graphically, and wifi connectivity: so a functional upgrade not just a design preference.


The fold-away locking lid support can be adjusted to keep the lid open about 10mm to vent china paint fumes or pollutants released from some glasses.


The firebrick base, which sits in a steel pan, is reversible so, if you do have a glass accident, you won't have to buy a new set of bricks.


The table's upper-shelf has a circular cut-out for an optional electric kiln vent, and a lower shelf for storing your accessories, tools, and work. The casters can be removed if you don't want them.


If you don't have much floor-space and prefer eye-level access, you can put the kiln, without the table, on a regular worktop on four 50mm high firebricks.


The Fusion 7 is a 13A 1800W plug-in kiln. However, the Fusion 7XL, described below, is a 13A 2400W plug-in kiln, 1.39 times taller inside, and heats more quickly than the regular Fusion 7.


Finally, a quote from a user: I'm very happy with the Fusion 7 and have had no disappointing results. The glass colors are vivid and consistent from firing to firing. I love it, especially because it can run off a regular 13A socket.

THE FUSION 7 RECOMMENDED SHELF KIT
Paragon Shelf Kits For The Fusion 7. Stainless Steel Pans for Activated Charcoal: 1 litre or 3 litres. Activated Charcoal: Coal or Coconut. Tray And Mesh For Lost Wax Burnout And Casting.

Shelf Kits For The Fusion 7.

The US-international kiln doesn't come with a shelf or posts or kiln wash so, if you don't need a shelf, you won't have to pay for one. However, there's a recommended kit, not included in the price: one durable round 330mm x 12mm cordierite shelf, three 12mm shelf posts, and 450gm of glass separator.

A pro shelf resists thermal fracture, provides a smooth stable work surface, protects the floor of the kiln's interior from glass accidents, and helps to even out any small temperature deviations during annealing, enamelling, firing, and fusing as the elements turn on and off.

As the kiln only has top elements, I wouldn't recommend a second shelf as the lower shelf won't heat up in the same way and results might be unpredicatable.


The kiln can accommodate a charcoal-filled stainless steel container needed to fire some makes of bronze clay and copper clay, both described on this internet resource.


Although this kin is never described as a lost-wax burnout kiln, you can buy a lost-wax burnout tray. There are two parts: a stainless steel tray and a metal mesh that fits inside the tray. The melting wax drops into the tray instead of onto the floor of the kiln. The mesh can also be used for supporting beads, enamel work, and fused glass.

THE PARAGON FUSION 7XL

GLASS ANNEALING, CASTING, FUSING, SAGGING, AND SLUMPING, AND DECALS
Paragon Fusion 7XL Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Decals And Glass Work. Paragon Rolling Stand With Casters. Paragon Blue Or Customised Berry, Black, Jade, Navy, Pink, Purple, Or Turquoise. Orton-Paragon Sentry Xpress Programmer.

The Paragon Fusion 7XL For Glass Annealing, Beads, Casting, Decals, Fire Polishing, Fusing, Lampwork, Melting, Moulding, Sagging, And Slumping.

The Paragon Fusion 7XL is a 925°C, seven-sided, plug-in, top-opening, floor-standing kiln, with a ramp-hold Sentry Xpress 3-key digital programmer. Choose Paragon blue or customised berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise. However, it's only the control boxes that are painted: not the whole kiln.


Paragon uses inches, not mm. However, for the Fusion 7XL, the number 7 doesn't mean it's 7 inches anywhere. It's about 14.5 inches across and 9.00 inches high inside, and 7 means it has 7 sides.


The UK-EU kiln is rated at 230V-240V 2400W, so it can use a regular mains socket. It's fitted with a switch that cuts off power to the elements when the kiln is opened: a UK-EU legal safety requirement. However, never get careless: kilns are very hot and connected to the mains.

The external dimensions are 559mm x 648mm x 584mm high. The body has two lifting handles and a wide-view peephole-vent in one of the sides. The lid is hinged along the back edge and has a fold-away locking support. The separate stand, which replaces the legs shown in the first photo, is 457mm x 457mm x 305mm high and has four optional lockable casters. The shipping weight, including the crate, is about 62Kg.

The firing chamber measures 368mm x 229mm high and heats from the sides, with the elements in dropped recessed grooves in the 76mm thick firebrick lid. For durability, the meeting edges of the lid and body are hardened with refractory cement. The kiln has an electro-mechanical relay and a long-life nickel-chromium K-type thermocouple.

The programmer's electronic display prompts for heating rates, target temperatures, and hold times, making it easy to set up and re-use accurate drying, heating, holding, and cooling sequences. It also cone number pre-sets which are useful for firing decals.


The Fusion 7XL has side elements so can't accept a bead-annealing door: there's no Fusion 7BXL. However, the Fusion 7WXL has a 75mm x 25mm heat-resistant glass viewing-window in one of the sides. Otherwise, it's similar to the Fusion 7XL.


The accessories, options, and upgrades for this kiln are in the on-line shop:

List. a berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise control boxes respray: normally blue
List. a ceramic fibre lid with a brushed stainless-steel top: factory fitted
List. a programmer upgrade: Sentry Xpress 3-key to a Sentry 12-key: more useful features: factory fitted
List. a programmer upgrade: Sentry Xpress 3-key to a Sentinel Touch: more useful features: factory fitted
List. a 165mm x 50mm letter-box style bead-annealing door: factory fitted
List. a 75mmx 25mm heat-resistant glass viewing-window: factory fitted
List. an electric kiln vent: factory fitted
List. an auxiliary power output for automatic vent control: factory fitted: needs 12-key or touch
List. a USB computer interface: factory fitted: needs 12-key or touch
List. a silent long-life mercury relay upgrade: factory fitted
List. a precision long-life S-type platinum-rhodium thermocouple upgrade: factory fitted
List. shelf kits and shelf paper
List. charcoal for the stainless steel container used for firing some metal clays
List. lost-wax burn-out, casting, and enamelling tray
List. ceramic fibre cloth
List. ceramic block
List. HEPA dust mask
List. clear protective glasses
List. glare-resistant glasses
List. heat-resistant gloves

EXTRACTS FROM REVIEWS, AND MY OPINION

The Fusion 7XL is a fully-programmable starter kiln for general glass work, and ideal for course venues, schools, studios, or a home business as it heats up quickly and can be moved away on its rolling stand. It's guaranteed for two years.


The kiln has the popular Sentry Xpress 3-key digital programmer. Its features include twenty-five free-to-set sequences, each one with up to twenty segments.

You can upgrade to an enhanced Sentry 12-key. Its features include thirty-five free-to-set sequences, each one with up to twenty segments, and automatic control over hardware options: an electric kiln vent, a gas injection system, and a USB computer interface.

Or an advanced touch-screen Sentinel Smart Touch. Its features include those of the Sentry 12-key and real-time displays of voltage and current, a novice mode with prompts, firing sequences presented graphically, and wifi connectivity: so a functional upgrade not just a design preference.


The fold-away locking lid support can be adjusted to keep the lid open about 10mm to vent china paint fumes or pollutants released from some glasses.


The firebrick base, which sits in a steel pan, is reversible so, if you do have a glass accident, you won't have to buy a new set of bricks.


The table's upper-shelf has a circular cut-out for an optional electric kiln vent, and a lower shelf for storing your accessories, tools, and work. The casters can be removed if you don't want them.


If you don't have much floor-space and prefer eye-level access, you can put the kiln, without the table, on a regular worktop on four 50mm high firebricks.


Finally, a quote from a user: After firing I find that the glass colors and dichro are more vivid than with the previous kiln I was using at my classes. I faithfully keep a log of the firings but so far I really don't need to do this. It has been very consistent from firing to firing and I'm now getting to know my kiln and what to expect of it. Thank you for making such a reliable product.

THE FUSION 7XL RECOMMENDED SHELF KIT
Paragon Shelf Kits For The Fusion 7XL. Stainless Steel Pans for Activated Charcoal: 1 litre or 3 litres. Activated Charcoal: Coal or Coconut. Tray And Mesh For Lost Wax Burnout And Casting.

Shelf Kits For The Fusion 7XL.

The US-international kiln doesn't come with a shelf or posts or kiln wash so, if you don't need a shelf, you won't have to pay for one. However, there's a recommended kit, not included in the price: one durable round 330mm x 12mm cordierite shelf, three 12mm shelf posts, and 450gm of glass separator.

A pro shelf resists thermal fracture, provides a smooth stable work surface, protects the floor of the kiln's interior from glass accidents, and helps to even out any small temperature deviations during annealing, enamelling, firing, and fusing as the elements turn on and off.

Depending on the material or process, and the sizes of your pieces, stacked shelves will hold more work, free up your time, and reduce the unit firing cost, so there's an extra kit, not included in the price: one round 330mm x 12mm shelf and four posts. This kiln has room for two shelves so you can choose 12mm, 25mm, 50mm, or 75mm props.


The kiln can accommodate a charcoal-filled stainless steel container needed to fire some makes of bronze clay and copper clay, both described on this internet resource.


Although this kin is never described as a lost-wax burnout kiln, you can buy a lost-wax burnout tray. There are two parts: a stainless steel tray and a metal mesh that fits inside the tray. The melting wax drops into the tray instead of onto the floor of the kiln. The mesh can also be used for supporting beads, enamel work, and fused glass.

THE PARAGON FUSION 8

GLASS ANNEALING, CASTING, FUSING, SAGGING, AND SLUMPING
Paragon Fusion 8 Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, And Slumping Glass. Paragon Rolling Stand With Casters. Paragon Blue Or Customised Berry, Black, Jade, Navy, Pink, Purple, Or Turquoise. Orton-Paragon Sentry Xpress Programmer.

The Paragon Fusion 8 For Glass Annealing, Beads, Casting, Fire Polishing, Fusing, Lampwork, Melting, Moulding, Sagging, And Slumping.

The Paragon Fusion 8 is a 925°C, eight-sided, plug-in, top-opening, floor-standing kiln, with a ramp-hold Sentry Xpress 3-key digital programmer. Choose Paragon blue or customised berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise. However, it's only the control boxes that are painted: not the whole kiln.


Paragon uses inches, not mm. However, for the Fusion 8, the number 8 doesn't mean it's 8 inches anywhere. It's about 17.5 inches across and 9 inches high inside, and 8 means it has 8 sides.


The UK-EU kiln is rated at 230V-240V 3120W, so it can use a regular mains socket. It's fitted with a switch that cuts off power to the elements when the kiln is opened: a UK-EU legal safety requirement. However, never get careless: kilns are very hot and connected to the mains.

The external dimensions are 635mm x 724mm x 889mm high. The body has two lifting handles and a wide-view peephole-vent in one of the sides. The lid is hinged along the back edge and has a fold-away locking support. The separate stand, which replaces the legs shown in the first photo, is 457mm x 457mm x 457mm high and has four optional lockable casters. The shipping weight, including the crate, is about 82Kg.

The firing chamber measures 445mm x 229mm high and heats from the top, with the elements in dropped recessed grooves in the 76mm thick firebrick lid and 64mm thick sides. For durability, the meeting edges of the lid and body are hardened with refractory cement. The kiln has two electro-mechanical relays and a long-life nickel-chromium K-type thermocouple.

The programmer's electronic display prompts for heating rates, target temperatures, and hold times, making it easy to set up and re-use accurate drying, heating, holding, and cooling sequences.


The Fusion 8 has side elements so can't accept a bead-annealing door: there's no Fusion 8B. However, the Fusion 8W has a 75mm x 25mm heat-resistant glass viewing-window in one of the sides. Otherwise, it's similar to the Fusion 8.


The accessories, options, and upgrades for this kiln are in the on-line shop:

List. a berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise control boxes respray: normally blue
List. a ceramic fibre lid with a brushed stainless-steel top: factory fitted
List. a programmer upgrade: Sentry Xpress 3-key to a Sentry 12-key: more useful features: factory fitted
List. a programmer upgrade: Sentry Xpress 3-key to a Sentinel Touch: more useful features: factory fitted
List. a 75mmx 25mm heat-resistant glass viewing-window: factory fitted
List. an electric kiln vent: factory fitted
List. an auxiliary power output for automatic vent control: factory fitted: needs 12-key or touch
List. a USB computer interface: factory fitted: needs 12-key or touch
List. a silent long-life mercury relay upgrade: factory fitted
List. a precision long-life S-type platinum-rhodium thermocouple upgrade: factory fitted
List. shelf kits and shelf paper
List. charcoal for the stainless steel container used for firing some metal clays
List. lost-wax burn-out, casting, and enamelling tray
List. ceramic fibre cloth
List. ceramic block
List. HEPA dust mask
List. clear protective glasses
List. glare-resistant glasses
List. heat-resistant gloves

EXTRACTS FROM REVIEWS, AND MY OPINION

The Fusion 8 is a fully-programmable starter kiln for general glass work, and ideal for course venues, schools, studios, or a home business as it heats up quickly and can be moved away on its rolling stand. It's guaranteed for two years.


The kiln has the popular Sentry Xpress 3-key digital programmer. Its features include twenty-five free-to-set sequences, each one with up to twenty segments.

You can upgrade to an enhanced Sentry 12-key. Its features include thirty-five free-to-set sequences, each one with up to twenty segments, and automatic control over hardware options: an electric kiln vent, a gas injection system, and a USB computer interface.

Or an advanced touch-screen Sentinel Smart Touch. Its features include those of the Sentry 12-key and real-time displays of voltage and current, a novice mode with prompts, firing sequences presented graphically, and wifi connectivity: so a functional upgrade not just a design preference.


The fold-away locking lid support can be adjusted to keep the lid open about 10mm to vent china paint fumes or pollutants released from some glasses.


The firebrick base, which sits in a steel pan, is reversible so, if you do have a glass accident, you won't have to buy a new set of bricks.


The table's upper-shelf has a circular cut-out for an optional electric kiln vent, and a lower shelf for storing your accessories, tools, and work. The casters can be removed if you don't want them.


If you don't have much floor-space and prefer eye-level access, you can put the kiln, without the table, on a regular worktop on four 50mm high firebricks.


The Fusion 8 is a 13A 3120W plug-in kiln. However, the Fusion 8-XL, described below, is a 20A 4800W wired-in kiln. It's 1.22 times taller inside, and heats more quickly, than the regular Fusion 8.

THE FUSION 8 RECOMMENDED SHELF KIT
Paragon Shelf Kits For The Fusion 8. Stainless Steel Pans for Activated Charcoal: 1 litre or 3 litres. Activated Charcoal: Coal or Coconut. Tray And Mesh For Lost Wax Burnout And Casting.

Shelf Kits For The Fusion 8.

The US-international kiln doesn't come with a shelf or posts or kiln wash so, if you don't need a shelf, you won't have to pay for one. However, there's a recommended kit, not included in the price: one durable octagonal 394mm x 15mm cordierite shelf, four 12mm shelf posts, and 450gm of glass separator.

A pro shelf resists thermal fracture, provides a smooth stable work surface, protects the floor of the kiln's interior from glass accidents, and helps to even out any small temperature deviations during annealing, enamelling, firing, and fusing as the elements turn on and off.

Depending on the material or process, and the sizes of your pieces, stacked shelves will hold more work, free up your time, and reduce the unit firing cost, so there's an extra kit, not included in the price: one octagonal 394mm x 15mm shelf and four posts. This kiln has room for three shelves so you can choose 12mm, 25mm, 50mm, or 75mm props.


The kiln can accommodate a charcoal-filled stainless steel container needed to fire some makes of bronze clay and copper clay, both described on this internet resource.


Although this kin is never described as a lost-wax burnout kiln, you can buy a lost-wax burnout tray. There are two parts: a stainless steel tray and a metal mesh that fits inside the tray. The melting wax drops into the tray instead of onto the floor of the kiln. The mesh can also be used for supporting beads, enamel work, and fused glass.

THE PARAGON FUSION 8XL

GLASS ANNEALING, CASTING, FUSING, SAGGING, AND SLUMPING
Paragon Fusion 8 Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, And Slumping Glass. Paragon Rolling Stand With Casters. Paragon Blue Or Customised Berry, Black, Jade, Navy, Pink, Purple, Or Turquoise. Orton-Paragon Sentry Xpress Programmer.

The Paragon Fusion 8XL For Glass Annealing, Beads, Casting, Fire Polishing, Fusing, Lampwork, Melting, Moulding, Sagging, And Slumping.

The Paragon Fusion 8XL is a 925°C, eight-sided, wired-in, top-opening, floor-standing kiln, with a ramp-hold Sentry Xpress 3-key digital programmer. Choose Paragon blue or customised berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise. However, it's only the control boxes that are painted: not the whole kiln.


Paragon uses inches, not mm. However, for the Fusion 8XL, the number 8 doesn't mean it's 8 inches anywhere. It's about 17.5 inches across and 11 inches deep, and 8 means it has 8 sides.


The UK-EU kiln is rated at 230V-240V 4800W, so it needs a 20A minimum wired-in power supply. It's fitted with a switch that cuts off power to the elements when the kiln is opened: a UK-EU legal safety requirement. However, never get careless: kilns are very hot and connected to the mains.

The external dimensions are 635mm x 724mm x 939mm high. The body has two lifting handles and a wide-view peephole-vent in one of the sides. The lid is hinged along the back edge and has a fold-away locking support. The separate stand, which replaces the legs shown in the first photo, is 457mm x 457mm x 457mm high and has four optional lockable casters. The shipping weight, including the crate, is about 87Kg.

The firing chamber measures 445mm x 279mm high and heats from the top and the sides, with the elements in dropped recessed grooves in the 76mm thick firebrick lid and 64mm thick sides. For durability, the meeting edges of the lid and body are hardened with refractory cement. The kiln has two electro-mechanical relays and a long-life nickel-chromium K-type thermocouple.

The programmer's electronic display prompts for heating rates, target temperatures, and hold times, making it easy to set up and re-use accurate drying, heating, holding, and cooling sequences.


The Fusion 8XL has side elements so can't accept a bead-annealing door: there's no Fusion 8BXL. However, the Fusion 8WXL has a 75mm x 25mm heat-resistant glass viewing-window in one of the sides. Otherwise, it's similar to the Fusion 8XL.


The accessories, options, and upgrades for this kiln are in the on-line shop:

List. a berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise control boxes respray: normally blue
List. a ceramic fibre lid with a brushed stainless-steel top: factory fitted
List. a programmer upgrade: Sentry Xpress 3-key to a Sentry 12-key: more useful features: factory fitted
List. a programmer upgrade: Sentry Xpress 3-key to a Sentinel Touch: more useful features: factory fitted
List. a 75mmx 25mm heat-resistant glass viewing-window: factory fitted
List. an electric kiln vent: factory fitted
List. an auxiliary power output for automatic vent control: factory fitted: needs 12-key or touch
List. a USB computer interface: factory fitted: needs 12-key or touch
List. a silent long-life mercury relay upgrade: factory fitted
List. a precision long-life S-type platinum-rhodium thermocouple upgrade: factory fitted
List. shelf kits and shelf paper
List. charcoal for the stainless steel container used for firing some metal clays
List. lost-wax burn-out, casting, and enamelling tray
List. ceramic fibre cloth
List. ceramic block
List. HEPA dust mask
List. clear protective glasses
List. glare-resistant glasses
List. heat-resistant gloves

EXTRACTS FROM REVIEWS, AND MY OPINION

The Fusion 8XL is a fully-programmable professional kiln for general glass work, and ideal for course venues, schools, studios, or a home business as it heats up quickly and can be moved away on its rolling stand. It's guaranteed for two years.


The kiln has the popular Sentry Xpress 3-key digital programmer. Its features include twenty-five free-to-set sequences, each one with up to twenty segments.

You can upgrade to an enhanced Sentry 12-key. Its features include thirty-five free-to-set sequences, each one with up to twenty segments, and automatic control over hardware options: an electric kiln vent, a gas injection system, and a USB computer interface.

Or an advanced touch-screen Sentinel Smart Touch. Its features include those of the Sentry 12-key and real-time displays of voltage and current, a novice mode with prompts, firing sequences presented graphically, and wifi connectivity: so a functional upgrade not just a design preference.


The fold-away locking lid support can be adjusted to keep the lid open about 10mm to vent china paint fumes or pollutants released from some glasses.


The firebrick base, which sits in a steel pan, is reversible so, if you do have a glass accident, you won't have to buy a new set of bricks.


The table's upper-shelf has a circular cut-out for an optional electric kiln vent, and a lower shelf for storing your accessories, tools, and work. The casters can be removed if you don't want them.


If you don't have much floor-space and prefer eye-level access, you can put the kiln, without the table, on a regular worktop on four 50mm high firebricks .


The Fusion 8, described above, is a 13A 3120W plug-in kiln. However, the Fusion 8-XL is a 20A 4800W wired-in kiln. It's 1.22 times taller inside, and heats more quickly, than the regular Fusion 8.

THE FUSION 8XL RECOMMENDED SHELF KIT
Paragon Shelf Kits For The Fusion 8XL. Stainless Steel Pans for Activated Charcoal: 1 litre or 3 litres. Activated Charcoal: Coal or Coconut. Tray And Mesh For Lost Wax Burnout And Casting.

Shelf Kits For The Fusion 8XL.

The US-international kiln doesn't come with a shelf or posts or kiln wash so, if you don't need a shelf, you won't have to pay for one. However, there's a recommended kit, not included in the price: one durable octagonal 394mm x 15mm cordierite shelf, four 12mm shelf posts, and 450gm of glass separator.

A pro shelf resists thermal fracture, provides a smooth stable work surface, protects the floor of the kiln's interior from glass accidents, and helps to even out any small temperature deviations during annealing, enamelling, firing, and fusing as the elements turn on and off.

Depending on the material or process, and the sizes of your pieces, stacked shelves will hold more work, free up your time, and reduce the unit firing cost, so there's an extra kit, not included in the price: one octagonal 394mm x 15mm shelf and four posts. This kiln has room for three shelves so you can choose 12mm, 25mm, 50mm, or 75mm props.


The kiln can accommodate a charcoal-filled stainless steel container needed to fire some makes of bronze clay and copper clay, both described on this internet resource.


Although this kin is never described as a lost-wax burnout kiln, you can buy a lost-wax burnout tray. There are two parts: a stainless steel tray and a metal mesh that fits inside the tray. The melting wax drops into the tray instead of onto the floor of the kiln. The mesh can also be used for supporting beads, enamel work, and fused glass.

THE PARAGON FUSION 10

GLASS ANNEALING, CASTING, FUSING, SAGGING, AND SLUMPING
Paragon Fusion 10 Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, And Slumping Glass. Paragon Rolling Stand With Casters. Paragon Blue Or Customised Berry, Black, Jade, Navy, Pink, Purple, Or Turquoise. Orton-Paragon Sentry Xpress Programmer.

The Paragon Fusion 10 For Glass Annealing, Beads, Casting, Fire Polishing, Fusing, Lampwork, Melting, Moulding, Sagging, And Slumping.

The Paragon Fusion 10 is a 925°C, ten-sided, wired-in, top-opening, floor-standing kiln, with a ramp-hold Sentry Xpress 3-key digital programmer. Choose Paragon blue or customised berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise. However, it's only the control boxes that are painted: not the whole kiln.


Paragon uses inches, not mm. However, for the Fusion 10, the number 10 doesn't mean it's 10 inches anywhere. It's about 23.5 inches across and 11 inches high inside, and 10 means it has 10 sides.


The UK-EU kiln is rated at 230V-240V 7200W, so it needs a 30A minimum wired-in power supply. It's fitted with a switch that cuts off power to the elements when the kiln is opened: a UK-EU legal safety requirement. However, never get careless: kilns are very hot and connected to the mains.

The external dimensions are 775mm x 1003mm x 889mm high. The body has four lifting handles and a wide-view peephole-vent in one of the sides. The lid is hinged along the back edge and has a fold-away locking support. The separate stand, which replaces the legs shown in the first photo, is 610mm x 610mm x 457mm high and has four optional lockable casters. The shipping weight, including the crate, is about 117Kg.

The firing chamber measures 597mm x 279mm high and heats from the top and the sides, with the elements in dropped recessed grooves in the 76mm thick firebrick lid and 64mm thick sides. For durability, the meeting edges of the lid and body are hardened with refractory cement. The kiln has two electro-mechanical relays and a long-life nickel-chromium K-type thermocouple.

The programmer's electronic display prompts for heating rates, target temperatures, and hold times, making it easy to set up and re-use accurate drying, heating, holding, and cooling sequences.


The Fusion 10 has side elements so can't accept a bead-annealing door: there's no Fusion 10B. However, the Fusion 10W has a 75mm x 25mm heat-resistant glass viewing-window in one of the sides. Otherwise, it's similar to the Fusion 10.


The accessories, options, and upgrades for this kiln are in the on-line shop:

List. a berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise control box respray: normally blue
List. a ceramic fibre lid with a brushed stainless-steel top: factory fitted
List. a programmer upgrade: Sentry Xpress 3-key to a Sentry 12-key: more useful features: factory fitted
List. a programmer upgrade: Sentry Xpress 3-key to a Sentinel Touch: more useful features: factory fitted
List. a 75mmx 25mm heat-resistant glass viewing-window: factory fitted
List. an electric kiln vent: factory fitted
List. an auxiliary power output for automatic vent control: factory fitted: needs 12-key or touch
List. a USB computer interface: factory fitted: needs 12-key or touch
List. a silent long-life mercury relay upgrade: factory fitted
List. a precision long-life S-type platinum-rhodium thermocouple upgrade: factory fitted
List. shelf kits and shelf paper
List. ceramic fibre cloth
List. ceramic block
List. HEPA dust mask
List. clear protective glasses
List. glare-resistant glasses
List. heat-resistant gloves

EXTRACTS FROM REVIEWS, AND MY OPINION

The Fusion 10 is a fully-programmable professional kiln for general glass work, and ideal for course venues, schools, studios, or a home business as it heats up quickly and can be moved away on its rolling stand. It's guaranteed for two years.


The kiln has the popular Sentry Xpress 3-key digital programmer. Its features include twenty-five free-to-set sequences, each one with up to twenty segments.

You can upgrade to an enhanced Sentry 12-key. Its features include thirty-five free-to-set sequences, each one with up to twenty segments, and automatic control over hardware options: an electric kiln vent, a gas injection system, and a USB computer interface.

Or an advanced touch-screen Sentinel Smart Touch. Its features include those of the Sentry 12-key and real-time displays of voltage and current, a novice mode with prompts, firing sequences presented graphically, and wifi connectivity: so a functional upgrade not just a design preference.


The fold-away locking lid support can be adjusted to keep the lid open about 10mm to vent china paint fumes or pollutants released from some glasses.


The firebrick base, which sits in a steel pan, is reversible so, if you do have a glass accident, you won't have to buy a new set of bricks.


The table's upper-shelf has a circular cut-out for an optional electric kiln vent, and a lower shelf for storing your accessories, tools, and work. The casters can be removed if you don't want them.


If you don't have much floor-space and prefer eye-level access, you can put the kiln, without the table, on a regular worktop on four 50mm high firebricks .

THE FUSION 10 RECOMMENDED SHELF KIT
Paragon Shelf Kits For The Fusion 10. Stainless Steel Pans for Activated Charcoal: 1 litre or 3 litres. Activated Charcoal: Coal or Coconut. Tray And Mesh For Lost Wax Burnout And Casting.

Shelf Kits For The Fusion 10.

The US-international kiln doesn't come with a shelf or posts or kiln wash so, if you don't need a shelf, you won't have to pay for one. However, there's a recommended kit, not included in the price: one durable round 533mm x 18mm cordierite shelf, three 12mm shelf posts, and 450gm of glass separator.

A pro shelf resists thermal fracture, provides a smooth stable work surface, protects the floor of the kiln's interior from glass accidents, and helps to even out any small temperature deviations during annealing, enamelling, firing, and fusing as the elements turn on and off.

Depending on the material or process, and the sizes of your pieces, stacked shelves will hold more work, free up your time, and reduce the unit firing cost, so there's an extra kit, not included in the price: one round 533mm x 18mm shelf and four posts. This kiln has room for three shelves so you can choose 12mm, 25mm, 50mm, 75mm, or 100mm props.


The kiln can accommodate a charcoal-filled stainless steel container needed to fire some makes of bronze clay and copper clay, both described on this internet resource.


Although this kin is never described as a lost-wax burnout kiln, you can buy a lost-wax burnout tray. There are two parts: a stainless steel tray and a metal mesh that fits inside the tray. The melting wax drops into the tray instead of onto the floor of the kiln. The mesh can also be used for supporting beads, enamel work, and fused glass.

THE PARAGON FUSION 14

GLASS ANNEALING, CASTING, FUSING, SAGGING, AND SLUMPING
Paragon Fusion 14 Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, Sagging, And Slumping Glass. Paragon Blue Or Customised Berry, Black, Jade, Navy, Pink, Purple, Or Turquoise. Orton-Paragon Sentry Xpress Programmer.

The Paragon Fusion 14 For Glass Annealing, Beads, Casting, Fire Polishing, Fusing, Lampwork, Melting, Moulding, Sagging, And Slumping.

The Paragon Fusion 14 is a 925°C, four-sided, plug-in, top-opening, table-top kiln, with a ramp-hold Sentry Xpress 3-key digital programmer. Choose Paragon blue or customised berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise. However, it's only the control boxes and stand that are painted: not the whole kiln.


Paragon uses inches, not mm. The Fusion 14 is about 14 inches wide, 14 inches deep, and 6.5 inches high inside.


The UK-EU kiln is rated at 230V-240V 1800W, so it can use a regular mains socket. It's fitted with a switch that cuts off power to the elements when the kiln is opened: a UK-EU legal safety requirement. However, never get careless: kilns are very hot and connected to the mains.

The external dimensions are 660mm x 559mm x 356mm high. The body has a 50mm high stand with four rubber feet. The lid has a stay-cool wooden handle and a lock-open support. The shipping weight, including the crate, is about 48Kg.

The firing chamber measures 356mm x 356mm x 165mm high and heats from the top, with the elements in dropped recessed grooves in the 76mm thick firebrick lid. For durability, the meeting edges of the lid and body are hardened with refractory cement. The kiln has two electro-mechanical relays and a long-life nickel-chromium K-type thermocouple.

The programmer's electronic display prompts for heating rates, target temperatures, and hold times, making it easy to set up and re-use accurate drying, heating, holding, and cooling sequences.


The Fusion 14B has two 137mm x 50mm letter-box style bead-annealing doors with bead-mandrel holders in one of the sides, the Fusion 14W has a 75mm x 25mm heat-resistant glass viewing-window in one of the sides, and the Fusion 14BW has both. Otherwise, they're similar to the Fusion 14.


The accessories, options, and upgrades for this kiln are in the on-line shop:

List. a berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise respray: normally blue
List. a programmer upgrade: Sentry Xpress 3-key to a Sentry 12-key: more useful features: factory fitted
List. a programmer upgrade: Sentry Xpress 3-key to a Sentinel Touch: more useful features: factory fitted
List. two 137mm x 50mm letter-box style bead-annealing doors: factory fitted
List. a 75mmx 25mm heat-resistant glass viewing-window: factory fitted
List. an electric kiln vent: factory fitted
List. an auxiliary power output for automatic vent control: factory fitted: needs 12-key or touch
List. a USB computer interface: factory fitted: needs 12-key or touch
List. a silent long-life mercury relay upgrade: factory fitted
List. a precision long-life S-type platinum-rhodium thermocouple upgrade: factory fitted
List. shelf kits and shelf paper
List. charcoal for the stainless steel container used for firing some metal clays
List. lost-wax burn-out, casting, and enamelling tray
List. ceramic fibre cloth
List. ceramic block
List. HEPA dust mask
List. clear protective glasses
List. glare-resistant glasses
List. heat-resistant gloves

EXTRACTS FROM REVIEWS, AND MY OPINION

The Fusion 14 is a fully-programmable professional kiln for general glass work, and ideal for commercial studios as it's guaranteed for two years. There's room for nine 100mm x 100mm glass tiles, a 320mm diameter bowl or plate, or two wine bottles.


The kiln has the popular Sentry Xpress 3-key digital programmer. Its features include twenty-five free-to-set sequences, each one with up to twenty segments.

You can upgrade to an enhanced Sentry 12-key. Its features include thirty-five free-to-set sequences, each one with up to twenty segments, and automatic control over hardware options: an electric kiln vent, a gas injection system, and a USB computer interface.

Or an advanced touch-screen Sentinel Smart Touch. Its features include those of the Sentry 12-key and real-time displays of voltage and current, a novice mode with prompts, firing sequences presented graphically, and wifi connectivity: so a functional upgrade not just a design preference.


The Fusion 14 has normal opening: the lid. The CS14S has single opening: the lid and body joined together. The CS14D has double opening: the lid or the body separately. The CS versions are described below.

The way the kiln opens depends on how you like to work. Opening the lid, whilst the kiln is on, allows you to check on your glass without losing much heat. Opening the body makes it easier to add, arrange, and remove glass, but the temperature will drop more quickly. This is why the D version is the most popular, although it can't accept cut-outs in the side firebricks for bead-annealing doors or a glass viewing-window without sacrificing its general rigidity.

THE FUSION 14 RECOMMENDED SHELF KIT
Paragon Shelf Kits For The CS--14S, CS-14D, Fusion 14, J-14, and E-14. Stainless Steel Pans for Activated Charcoal: 1 litre or 3 litres. Activated Charcoal: Coal or Coconut. Tray And Mesh For Lost Wax Burnout And Casting.

Shelf Kits For The Fusion 14.

The US-international kiln doesn't come with a shelf or posts or kiln wash so, if you don't need a shelf, you won't have to pay for one. However, there's a recommended kit, not included in the price: one durable 305mm x 330mm x 15mm cordierite shelf, four 12mm shelf posts, and 450gm of glass separator.

A pro shelf resists thermal fracture, provides a smooth stable work surface, protects the floor of the kiln's interior from glass accidents, and helps to even out any small temperature deviations during annealing, enamelling, firing, and fusing as the elements turn on and off.

Depending on the material or process, and the sizes of your pieces, stacked shelves will hold more work, free up your time, and reduce the unit firing cost, so there's an extra kit, not included in the price: one 305mm x 330mm x 15mm shelf and four posts. This kiln has room for two shelves so you can choose 12mm, 25mm, 50mm, or 75mm props. However, a second shelf might not suit some processes that need direct radiant heat.


The kiln is large enough to accommodate a charcoal-filled stainless steel container needed to fire some makes of bronze clay and copper clay, both described on this internet resource.


Although this kin is never described as a lost-wax burnout kiln, you can buy a lost-wax burnout tray. There are two parts: a stainless steel tray and a metal mesh that fits inside the tray. The melting wax drops into the tray instead of onto the floor of the kiln. The mesh can also be used for supporting beads, enamel work, and fused glass.

THE PARAGON FUSION CS14S

GLASS ANNEALING, CASTING, FUSING, SAGGING, AND SLUMPING
Paragon Fusion CS-14S Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, And Slumping Glass. Paragon Fusion CS-14S Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, And Slumping Glass. Paragon Blue Or Customised Berry, Black, Jade, Navy, Pink, Purple, Or Turquoise. Orton-Paragon Sentry Xpress Programmer.

The Paragon Fusion CS14S For Glass Annealing, Beads, Casting, Fire Polishing, Fusing, Lampwork, Melting, Moulding, Sagging, And Slumping.

The CS14S is similar to the Fusion 14 but, instead of just the lid lifting up, the whole body lifts up, making it easier to arrange your work on the floor of the kiln. So, the S version has single opening: the whole body.


The Paragon Fusion CS14S is a 925°C, square, plug-in, top-opening, table-top kiln, with a ramp-hold Sentry Xpress 3-key digital programmer. Choose Paragon blue or customised berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise.


Paragon uses inches, not mm. The Fusion CS14 is about 14 inches wide, 14 inches deep, and 6.5 inches high inside.


The UK-EU kiln is rated at 230V-240V 1800W, so it can use a regular mains socket. It's fitted with a switch that cuts off power to the elements when the kiln is opened: a UK-EU legal safety requirement. However, never get careless: kilns are very hot and connected to the mains.

The external dimensions are 686mm x 711mm x 381mm high. The body has a 50mm high stand with four rubber feet. The lid has a stay-cool wooden handle and three springs under the kiln for easy one-handed lifting. The kiln base extends 100mm at the back to support the weight of the kiln when it's open. The shipping weight, including the crate, is about 71Kg.

The firing chamber measures 356mm x 356mm x 165mm high and heats from the top, with the elements in dropped recessed grooves in the 76mm thick firebrick lid. For durability, the meeting edges of the body and base are hardened with refractory cement. The kiln has two electro-mechanical relays and a long-life nickel-chromium K-type thermocouple.

The programmer's electronic display prompts for heating rates, target temperatures, and hold times, making it easy to set up and re-use accurate drying, heating, holding, and cooling sequences.


The CS14SB has two 137mmmm x 50mm letter-box style bead-annealing doors with bead-mandrel holders in one of the sides, the CS14SW has a 75mm x 25mm heat-resistant glass viewing-window in one of the sides, and the CS-14SBW has both. Otherwise, they're similar to the Fusion 14.


The accessories, options, and upgrades for this kiln are the same as for the Fusion 14, described above, and are in the on-line shop.

EXTRACTS FROM REVIEWS, AND MY OPINION

The Fusion CS14S is a fully-programmable professional kiln for general glass work, and ideal for commercial studios as it's guaranteed for two years. There's room for nine 100mm x 100mm glass tiles, a 320mm diameter bowl or plate, or a wine bottle.


The kiln has a Sentry Xpress 3-key digital programmer. Its features include twenty-five free-to-set sequences, each one with up to twenty segments.

You can upgrade to an enhanced Sentry 12-key. Its features include thirty-five free-to-set sequences, each one with up to twenty segments, and automatic control over hardware options: an electric kiln vent, a gas injection system, and a USB computer interface.

Or an advanced touch-screen Sentinel Smart Touch. Its features include those of the Sentry 12-key and real-time displays of voltage and current, a novice mode with prompts, firing sequences presented graphically, and wifi connectivity: so a functional upgrade not just a design preference.


The Fusion 14 has normal opening: the lid. The CS14S has single opening: the lid and body joined together. The CS14D has double opening: the lid separately or the lid and the body together. The Fusion version is described below.

The way the kiln opens depends on how you like to work. Opening the lid, whilst the kiln is on, allows you to check on your glass without losing much heat. Opening the body makes it easier to add, arrange, and remove glass, but the temperature will drop more quickly. This is why the D version is the most popular, although it can't accept cut-outs in the side firebricks for bead-annealing doors or a glass viewing-window without sacrificing its general rigidity.

THE PARAGON FUSION CS14D

GLASS ANNEALING, CASTING, FUSING, SAGGING, AND SLUMPING
Paragon Fusion CS14D Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, And Slumping Glass. Paragon Fusion CS14D Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, And Slumping Glass. Paragon Blue Or Customised Berry, Black, Jade, Navy, Pink, Purple, Or Turquoise. Orton-Paragon Sentry Xpress Programmer.

The Paragon Fusion CS14D For Glass Annealing, Beads, Casting, Fire Polishing, Fusing, Lampwork, Melting, Moulding, Sagging, And Slumping.

The CS14D is similar to the CS14S but, instead of just the body and lid lifting up together, the lid and body lift up separately, making it easier to arrange your work on the floor of the kiln. So, the D version has double opening: the lid and body separately.

To prevent the lid or body falling during opening, the kiln has two safety latches: one holds the lid closed when lifting the body and the other holds the body closed when lifting the lid.


The options and upgrades are the same as for the Fusion 14, described above, except the CS14D can't accept cut-outs in the side firebricks for bead-annealing doors or a glass viewing-window without sacrificing its general rigidity.

It's important to understand the difference between between the Fusion 14, described above, and the CS14 and CS14. The Fusion 14 has normal opening: the lid. The CS14S has single opening: the lid and body joined together. And the CS14D has double opening: the lid or the body separately.

THE PARAGON FUSION 16

GLASS ANNEALING, CASTING, FUSING, SAGGING, AND SLUMPING
Paragon Fusion 16 Bead Door Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Beads, Annealing, Fusing, And Slumping. Paragon Fusion 16 Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, And Slumping Glass. Paragon Blue Or Customised Berry, Black, Jade, Navy, Pink, Purple, Or Turquoise. Orton-Paragon Sentry Xpress Programmer.

The Paragon Fusion 16 For Glass Annealing, Beads, Casting, Fusing, Sagging, Slumping, And Lampwork.

The Paragon Fusion 16 is a 925°C, square, plug-in, top-opening, table-top kiln, with a ramp-hold Sentry Xpress 3-key digital programmer. Choose Paragon blue or customised berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise. However, it's only the control boxes that are painted: not the whole kiln.


Paragon uses inches, not mm. The Fusion 16 is about 16 inches wide, 16 inches deep, and 6.5 inches high inside.


The UK-EU kiln is rated at 230V-240V 2400W, so it can use a regular mains socket. It's fitted with a switch that cuts off power to the elements when the kiln is opened: a UK-EU legal safety requirement. However, never get careless: kilns are very hot and connected to the mains.

The external dimensions are 749mm x 610mm x 876mm high. The body rests on a separate 470mm-high table with four legs with rubber feet. The lid has a stay-cool wooden handle and a lock-open support. The shipping weight, including the crate, is about 89Kg.

The firing chamber measures 406mm x 406mm x 165mm high, and heats from the top, with the elements in dropped recessed grooves in the 76mm thick firebrick lid. For durability, the meeting edges of the body and base are hardened with refractory cement. The kiln has two electro-mechanical relays and a long-life nickel-chromium K-type thermocouple.

The programmer's electronic display prompts for heating rates, target temperatures, and hold times, making it easy to set up and re-use accurate drying, heating, holding, and cooling sequences.


The Fusion 16B has two 162mm x 50mm letter-box style bead-annealing doors with bead-mandrel holders in one of the sides, the Fusion 16W has a 75mm x 25mm heat-resistant glass viewing-window in one of the sides, and the Fusion 16BW has both. Otherwise, they're similar to the Fusion 16.


The accessories, options, and upgrades for this kiln are in the on-line shop:

List. a berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise respray: normally blue
List. a low-dust ceramic-fibre lid with a brushed stainless steel top: factory fitted
List. a programmer upgrade: Sentry Xpress 3-key to a Sentry 12-key: more useful features: factory fitted
List. a programmer upgrade: Sentry Xpress 3-key to a Sentinel Touch: more useful features: factory fitted
List. two 162mm x 50mm letter-box style bead-annealing doors: factory fitted
List. a 75mmx 25mm heat-resistant glass viewing-window: factory fitted
List. an electric kiln vent: factory fitted
List. an auxiliary power output for automatic vent control: factory fitted: needs 12-key or touch
List. a USB computer interface: factory fitted: needs 12-key or touch
List. a silent long-life mercury relay upgrade: factory fitted
List. a precision long-life S-type platinum-rhodium thermocouple upgrade: factory fitted
List. shelf kits and shelf paper
List. charcoal for the stainless steel container used for firing some metal clays
List. lost-wax burn-out, casting, and enamelling tray
List. ceramic fibre cloth
List. ceramic block
List. HEPA dust mask
List. clear protective glasses
List. glare-resistant glasses
List. heat-resistant gloves

EXTRACTS FROM REVIEWS, AND MY OPINION

The Fusion 16 is a fully-programmable professional kiln for general glass work, and ideal for commercial studios as it's guaranteed for two years. There's room for nine 120mm x 120mm glass tiles, a 360mm diameter bowl or plate, or a wine bottle.


The kiln has a Sentry Xpress 3-key digital programmer. Its features include twenty-five free-to-set sequences, each one with up to twenty segments.

You can upgrade to an enhanced Sentry 12-key. Its features include thirty-five free-to-set sequences, each one with up to twenty segments, and automatic control over hardware options: an electric kiln vent, a gas injection system, and a USB computer interface.

Or an advanced touch-screen Sentinel Smart Touch. Its features include those of the Sentry 12-key and real-time displays of voltage and current, a novice mode with prompts, firing sequences presented graphically, and wifi connectivity: so a functional upgrade not just a design preference.


The Fusion 16 has normal opening: the lid. The CS16S has single opening: the lid and body joined together. The CS16D has double opening: the lid separately or the lid and the body together. The CS versions are described below.

The way the kiln opens depends on how you like to work. Opening the lid, whilst the kiln is on, allows you to check on your glass without losing much heat. Opening the body makes it easier to add, arrange, and remove glass, but the temperature will drop more quickly. This is why the D version is the most popular, although it can't accept cut-outs in the side firebricks for bead-annealing doors or a glass viewing-window without sacrificing its general rigidity.

THE FUSION 16 RECOMMENDED SHELF KIT
Paragon Shelf Kits For The Fusion 16. Stainless Steel Pans for Activated Charcoal: 1 litre or 3 litres. Activated Charcoal: Coal or Coconut. Tray And Mesh For Lost Wax Burnout And Casting.

Shelf Kits For The Fusion 16.

The US-international kiln doesn't come with a shelf or posts or kiln wash so, if you don't need a shelf, you won't have to pay for one. However, there's a recommended kit, not included in the price: one durable 381mm x 381mm x 15mm cordierite shelf, four 12mm shelf posts, and 450gm of glass separator.

A pro shelf resists thermal fracture, provides a smooth stable work surface, protects the floor of the kiln's interior from glass accidents, and helps to even out any small temperature deviations during annealing, enamelling, firing, and fusing as the elements turn on and off.

Depending on the material or process, and the sizes of your pieces, stacked shelves will hold more work, free up your time, and reduce the unit firing cost, so there's an extra kit, not included in the price: one 381mm x 381mm x 15mm shelf and four posts. This kiln has room for two shelves so you can choose 12mm, 25mm, 50mm, or 75mm props. However, a second shelf might not suit some processes that need direct radiant heat.


The kiln is large enough to accommodate a charcoal-filled stainless steel container needed to fire some makes of bronze clay and copper clay, both described on this internet resource.


Although this kin is never described as a lost-wax burnout kiln, you can buy a lost-wax burnout tray. There are two parts: a stainless steel tray and a metal mesh that fits inside the tray. The melting wax drops into the tray instead of onto the floor of the kiln. The mesh can also be used for supporting beads, enamel work, and fused glass.

THE PARAGON FUSION CS16S

GLASS ANNEALING, CASTING, FUSING, SAGGING, AND SLUMPING
Paragon Fusion CS-16S Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, And Slumping Glass. Paragon Fusion CS-16S Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, And Slumping Glass. Paragon Blue Or Customised Berry, Black, Jade, Navy, Pink, Purple, Or Turquoise. Orton-Paragon Sentry Xpress Programmer.

The Paragon Fusion CS16S For Glass Annealing, Beads, Casting, Fire Polishing, Fusing, Lampwork, Melting, Moulding, Sagging, And Slumping.

The CS16S is similar to the Fusion 16 but, instead of just the lid lifting up, the whole body lifts up, making it easier to arrange your work on the floor of the kiln. So, the S version has single opening: the whole body.


The Paragon Fusion CS16S is a 925°C, square, plug-in, top-opening, table-top kiln, with a ramp-hold Sentry Xpress 3-key digital programmer. Choose Paragon blue or customised berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise. However, it's only the control boxes that are painted: not the whole kiln.


Paragon uses inches, not mm. The CS16 is about 16 inches wide, 16 inches deep, and 6.5 inches high inside.


The UK-EU kiln is rated at 230V-240V 2400W, so it can use a regular mains socket. It's fitted with a switch that cuts off power to the elements when the kiln is opened: a UK-EU legal safety requirement. However, never get careless: kilns are very hot and connected to the mains.

The external dimensions are 762mm x 762mm x 381mm high. The body has a 50mm high stand with four rubber feet. The lid has a stay-cool wooden handle and three springs under the kiln for easy one-handed lifting. The kiln base extends 100mm at the back to support the weight of the kiln when it's open. The shipping weight, including the crate, is about 85Kg.

The firing chamber measures 406mm x 406mm x 165mm high, and heats from the top, with the elements in dropped recessed grooves in the 76mm thick firebrick lid. The meeting edges of the lid and floor are hardened with refractory cement. The kiln has two electro-mechanical relays and a long-life nickel-chromium K-type thermocouple.

The programmer's electronic display prompts for heating rates, target temperatures, and hold times, making it easy to set up and re-use accurate drying, heating, holding, and cooling sequences.


The accessories, options, and upgrades for this kiln are the same as for the Fusion 16, above, and are in the on-line shop.

EXTRACTS FROM REVIEWS, AND MY OPINION

The Fusion CS16S is a fully-programmable professional kiln for general glass work, and ideal for commercial studios as it's guaranteed for two years. There's room for nine 120mm x 120mm glass tiles, a 360mm diameter bowl or plate, or a wine bottle.

The optional dust-free ceramic-fibre lid, two bead-annealing doors, glass viewing-window, long-life S-type thermocouple, and electric vent are favourites with serious glass artists.

It's important to understand the difference between between the Fusion 16, described above, and the CS16S and CS16D. The Fusion 14 has normal opening: the lid. The CS16S has single opening: the lid and body joined together. And the CS16D has double opening: the lid separately or the lid and the body together.

THE PARAGON FUSION CS16D

GLASS ANNEALING, CASTING, FUSING, SAGGING, AND SLUMPING
Paragon Fusion CS-16D Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, And Slumping Glass. Paragon Fusion CS-16D Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, And Slumping Glass. Paragon Fusion CS-16D Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, And Slumping Glass. Orton-Paragon Sentry Xpress Controller.

The Paragon Fusion CS16D For Glass Annealing, Beads, Casting, Fire Polishing, Fusing, Lampwork, Melting, Moulding, Sagging, And Slumping.

The CS16D is similar to the CS16S described above but, instead of just the body and lid lifting up together, the lid and body lift up separately, making it easier to arrange your work on the floor of the kiln. So, the D version has double opening: the lid and body separately.

To prevent the lid or body falling during opening, the kiln has two safety latches: one holds the lid closed when lifting the body and the other holds the body closed when lifting the lid.


The kiln has a Sentry Xpress 3-key digital programmer. Its features include twenty-five free-to-set sequences, each one with up to twenty segments.

You can upgrade to an enhanced Sentry 12-key. Its features include thirty-five free-to-set sequences, each one with up to twenty segments, and automatic control over hardware options: an electric kiln vent, a gas injection system, and a USB computer interface.

Or an advanced touch-screen Sentinel Smart Touch. Its features include those of the Sentry 12-key and real-time displays of voltage and current, a novice mode with prompts, firing sequences presented graphically, and wifi connectivity: so a functional upgrade not just a design preference.


The Fusion 16 has normal opening: the lid. The CS16S has single opening: the lid and body joined together. The CS16D has double opening: the lid separately or the lid and the body together. The Fusion version is described below.

The way the kiln opens depends on how you like to work. Opening the lid, whilst the kiln is on, allows you to check on your glass without losing much heat. Opening the body makes it easier to add, arrange, and remove glass, but the temperature will drop more quickly. This is why the D version is the most popular, although it can't accept cut-outs in the side firebricks for bead-annealing doors or a glass viewing-window without sacrificing its general rigidity.

THE PARAGON FUSION FIBREFUSE 16

GLASS ANNEALING, CASTING, FUSING, SAGGING, AND SLUMPING
Paragon Fusion FibreFuse-16 Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, And Slumping Glass. Paragon Fusion FibreFuse-16 Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, And Slumping Glass. Paragon Blue Or Customised Berry, Black, Jade, Navy, Pink, Purple, Or Turquoise. Orton-Paragon Sentry Xpress Programmer.

The Paragon Fusion FibreFuse 16 For Glass Annealing, Beads, Casting, Fusing, Sagging, Slumping, And Lampwork.

The Paragon Fusion FibreFuse 16 is a 925°C, square, plug-in, top-opening, table-top kiln, with a ramp-hold Sentry Xpress 3-key digital programmer. Choose Paragon blue or customised berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise.


Paragon uses inches, not mm. The FibreFuse-16 is about 16 inches wide, 16 inches deep, and 6 inches high inside.


The UK-EU kiln is rated at 230V-240V 1800W, so it can use a regular mains socket. It's fitted with a switch that cuts off power to the elements when the kiln is opened: a UK-EU legal safety requirement. However, never get careless: kilns are very hot and connected to the mains.

The external dimensions are 762mm x 533mm x 330mm high. The body stands on a 50mm high base with four rubber feet, the light-weight top has a side-to-side stay-cool wooden handle, and the lid can lean back and stay-open. The kiln has an electro-mechanical relay and a long-life nickel-chromium K-type thermocouple. The shipping weight, including the crate, is about 89Kg.

The rigidised ceramic-fibre firing chamber measures 406mm x 406mm x 152mm high, and heats from the sides with the sinusoidal elements surface-mounted on the 50mm thick fibre.

The programmer's electronic display prompts for heating rates, target temperatures, and hold times, making it easy to set up and re-use accurate drying, heating, holding, and cooling sequences.


The accessories, options, and upgrades for this kiln are in the on-line shop:

List. a berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise respray: normally blue
List. a programmer upgrade: Sentry Xpress 3-key to a Sentry 12-key: more useful features: factory fitted
List. a programmer upgrade: Sentry Xpress 3-key to a Sentinel Touch: more useful features: factory fitted
List. an electric kiln vent: factory fitted
List. an auxiliary power output for automatic vent control: factory fitted: needs 12-key or touch
List. a USB computer interface: factory fitted: needs 12-key or touch
List. a silent long-life mercury relay upgrade: factory fitted
List. a precision long-life S-type platinum-rhodium thermocouple upgrade: factory fitted
List. shelf kits and shelf paper
List. charcoal for the stainless steel container used for firing some metal clays
List. lost-wax burn-out, casting, and enamelling tray
List. ceramic fibre cloth
List. ceramic block
List. HEPA dust mask
List. clear protective glasses
List. glare-resistant glasses
List. heat-resistant gloves

EXTRACTS FROM REVIEWS, AND MY OPINION

The Fusion FibreFuse 16 is a fully-programmable professional kiln for general glass work, and ideal for commercial studios as it's guaranteed for two years. There's room for nine 120mm square tiles, four 180mm diameter bowls, or two large wine bottles.


The kiln has a Sentry Xpress 3-key digital programmer. Its features include twenty-five free-to-set sequences, each one with up to twenty segments.

You can upgrade to an enhanced Sentry 12-key. Its features include thirty-five free-to-set sequences, each one with up to twenty segments, and automatic control over hardware options: an electric kiln vent, a gas injection system, and a USB computer interface.

Or an advanced touch-screen Sentinel Smart Touch. Its features include those of the Sentry 12-key and real-time displays of voltage and current, a novice mode with prompts, firing sequences presented graphically, and wifi connectivity: so a functional upgrade not just a design preference.

THE FUSION FIBREFUSE 16 RECOMMENDED SHELF KIT
Paragon Shelf Kits For The FibreFuse-16. Stainless Steel Pans for Activated Charcoal: 1 litre or 3 litres. Activated Charcoal: Coal or Coconut. Tray And Mesh For Lost Wax Burnout And Casting.

Shelf Kits For The Fusion FibreFuse-16.

The US-international kiln doesn't come with a shelf or posts or kiln wash so, if you don't need a shelf, you won't have to pay for one. However, there's a recommended kit, not included in the price: one durable 381mm x 381mm x 15mm cordierite shelf, four 12mm shelf posts, and 450gm of glass separator.

A pro shelf resists thermal fracture, provides a smooth stable work surface, protects the floor of the kiln's interior from glass accidents, and helps to even out any small temperature deviations during annealing, enamelling, firing, and fusing as the elements turn on and off.

Depending on the material or process, and the sizes of your pieces, stacked shelves will hold more work, free up your time, and reduce the unit firing cost, so there's an extra kit, not included in the price: one 381mm x 381mm x 15mm shelf and four posts. This kiln has room for two shelves so you can choose 12mm, 25mm, 50mm, or 75mm props. However, a second shelf might not suit some processes that need direct radiant heat.


The kiln is large enough to accommodate a charcoal-filled stainless steel container needed to fire some makes of bronze clay and copper clay, both described on this internet resource.


Although this kin is never described as a lost-wax burnout kiln, you can buy a lost-wax burnout tray. There are two parts: a stainless steel tray and a metal mesh that fits inside the tray. The melting wax drops into the tray instead of onto the floor of the kiln. The mesh can also be used for supporting beads, enamel work, and fused glass.

THE PARAGON FUSION 19

GLASS ANNEALING, CASTING, FUSING, SAGGING, AND SLUMPING
Paragon Fusion 19 Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, And Slumping Glass. Paragon Fusion 19 Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, And Slumping Glass. Paragon Blue Or Customised Berry, Black, Jade, Navy, Pink, Purple, Or Turquoise. Orton-Paragon Sentry Xpress Programmer.

The Paragon Fusion 19 For Glass Annealing, Beads, Casting, Fire Polishing, Fusing, Lampwork, Melting, Moulding, Sagging, And Slumping.

The Paragon Fusion 19 is a 925°C, four-sided, wired-in, top-opening, table-top kiln, with a ramp-hold Sentry Xpress 3-key digital programmer. Choose Paragon blue or customised berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise.


Paragon uses inches, not mm. The Fusion 19 is about 19 inches wide, 19 inches deep, and 6.5 inches high inside.


The UK-EU kiln is rated at 230V-240V 3840W, so it needs a 16A minimum wired-in power supply. The elements are embedded in rigidised ceramic fibre: a UK-EU legal safety requirement. However, never get careless: kilns are very hot and connected to the mains.

The external dimensions are 864mm x 838mm x 387mm high. The body has a 50mm high stand with four rubber feet. The lid has a stay-cool wooden handle and a lock-open support. The kiln base extends 100mm at the back to support the weight of the kiln lid when it's open. The shipping weight, including the crate, is about 96Kg.

The firing chamber measures 483mm x 483mm x 165mm high and heats from the top, with the elements embedded in the 70mm thick rigidised ceramic-fibre lid. For durability, the meeting edges of the body and base are hardened with refractory cement. The kiln has an electro-mechanical relay and a long-life nickel-chromium K-type thermocouple.

The programmer's electronic display prompts for heating rates, target temperatures, and hold times, making it easy to set up and re-use accurate drying, heating, holding, and cooling sequences.


The Fusion 19B has two 200mm x 50mm bead-annealing doors with bead-mandrel holders in one of the sides, the Fusion 19W has a 75mm x 25mm glass viewing-window in one of the sides, and the Fusion 19BW has both. Otherwise, they're similar to the Fusion 19.


The accessories, options, and upgrades for this kiln are the same as for the Fusion 19, above, and are in the on-line shop.

List. a berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise respray: normally blue
List. a programmer upgrade: Sentry Xpress 3-key to a Sentry 12-key: more useful features: factory fitted
List. a programmer upgrade: Sentry Xpress 3-key to a Sentinel Touch: more useful features: factory fitted
List. two 137mm x 50mm letter-box style bead-annealing doors: factory fitted
List. a 75mmx 25mm heat-resistant glass viewing-window: factory fitted
List. an electric kiln vent: factory fitted
List. an auxiliary power output for automatic vent control: factory fitted: needs 12-key or touch
List. a USB computer interface: factory fitted: needs 12-key or touch
List. a silent long-life mercury relay upgrade: factory fitted
List. a precision long-life S-type platinum-rhodium thermocouple upgrade: factory fitted
List. shelf kits and shelf paper
List. ceramic fibre cloth
List. ceramic block
List. HEPA dust mask
List. clear protective glasses
List. glare-resistant glasses
List. heat-resistant gloves

EXTRACTS FROM REVIEWS, AND MY OPINION

The Fusion 19 is a fully-programmable professional kiln for general glass work, and ideal for commercial studios as it's guaranteed for two years. There's room for sixteen 100mm square tiles, four 220mm diameter bowls, or two large champagne bottles.


The kiln has a Sentry Xpress 3-key digital programmer. Its features include twenty-five free-to-set sequences, each one with up to twenty segments.

You can upgrade to an enhanced Sentry 12-key. Its features include thirty-five free-to-set sequences, each one with up to twenty segments, and automatic control over hardware options: an electric kiln vent, a gas injection system, and a USB computer interface.

Or an advanced touch-screen Sentinel Smart Touch. Its features include those of the Sentry 12-key and real-time displays of voltage and current, a novice mode with prompts, firing sequences presented graphically, and wifi connectivity: so a functional upgrade not just a design preference.


The Fusion 19 has normal opening: the lid. The CS19S has single opening: the lid and body joined together. The CS19D has double opening: the lid separately or the lid and the body together. The CS versions are described below.

The way the kiln opens depends on how you like to work. Opening the lid, whilst the kiln is on, allows you to check on your glass without losing much heat. Opening the body makes it easier to add, arrange, and remove glass, but the temperature will drop more quickly. This is why the D version is the most popular, although it can't accept cut-outs in the side firebricks for bead-annealing doors or a glass viewing-window without sacrificing its general rigidity.

THE FUSION 19 RECOMMENDED SHELF KIT
Paragon Shelf Kits For The Fusion 19. Stainless Steel Pans for Activated Charcoal: 1 litre or 3 litres. Activated Charcoal: Coal or Coconut. Tray And Mesh For Lost Wax Burnout And Casting.

Shelf Kits For The Fusion 19.

The US-international kiln doesn't come with a shelf or posts or kiln wash so, if you don't need a shelf, you won't have to pay for one. However, there's a recommended kit, not included in the price: one durable 432mm x 432mm x 15mm cordierite shelf, four 12mm shelf posts, and 450gms of glass separator.

There's an extra recommended kit, not included in the price: one 432mm x 432mm x 15mm shelf and four posts. You can choose 12mm, 25mm, 50mm, 75mm, or 100mm posts.

Depending on the material or process, and the sizes of your pieces, stacked shelves will hold more work, free up your time, and reduce the unit firing cost: so you might want more kits. This kiln has room for two. However, a second shelf might not suit some processes that need direct radiant heat.

THE PARAGON FUSION CS19S

GLASS ANNEALING, CASTING, FUSING, SAGGING, AND SLUMPING
Paragon Fusion CS19S Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, And Slumping Glass. Paragon Fusion CS19S Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, And Slumping Glass. Paragon Blue Or Customised Berry, Black, Jade, Navy, Pink, Purple, Or Turquoise. Orton-Paragon Sentry Xpress Programmer.

The Paragon Fusion CS19S For Glass Annealing, Beads, Casting, Fire Polishing, Fusing, Lampwork, Melting, Moulding, Sagging, And Slumping.

The Fusion CS19S is similar to the Fusion 19 but, instead of just the lid lifting up, the whole body lifts up, making it easier to arrange your work on the floor of the kiln. So, the S version has single opening: the whole body.


The Paragon Fusion CS19S is a 925°C, four-sided, wired-in, top-opening, table-top kiln, with a ramp-hold Sentry Xpress 3-key digital programmer. Choose Paragon blue or customised berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise.


Paragon uses inches, not mm. The Fusion CS19S is about 19 inches wide, 19 inches deep, and 6.5 inches high inside.


The UK-EU kiln is rated at 230V-240V 3840W, so it needs a 16A minimum wired-in power supply. The elements are embedded in rigidised ceramic fibre: a UK-EU legal safety requirement. However, never get careless: kilns are very hot and connected to the mains.

The external dimensions are 864mm x 838mm x 387mm high. The body has a 50mm high stand with four rubber feet. The lid has a stay-cool wooden handle and three springs under the kiln for easy one-handed lifting. The kiln base extends 100mm at the back to support the weight of the kiln when it's open. The shipping weight, including the crate, is about 98Kg.

The firing chamber measures 483mm x 483mm x 165mm high and heats from the top, with the elements embedded in the 70mm thick rigidised ceramic-fibre lid. For durability, the meeting edges of any firebricks are hardened with refractory cement. The kiln has an electro-mechanical relay and a long-life nickel-chromium K-type thermocouple.

The programmer's electronic display prompts for heating rates, target temperatures, and hold times, making it easy to set up and re-use accurate drying, heating, holding, and cooling sequences.


The CS19SB has two 200mmmm x 50mm letter-box style bead-annealing doors with bead-mandrel holders in one of the sides, the CS19SW has a 75mm x 25mm heat-resistant glass viewing-window in one of the sides, and the CS19SBW has both. Otherwise, they're similar to the CS19S.


The accessories, options, and upgrades for this kiln are the same as for the Fusion 19, above, and are in the on-line shop.

EXTRACTS FROM REVIEWS, AND MY OPINION

The Fusion CS19S is a fully-programmable professional kiln for general glass work, and ideal for commercial studios as it's guaranteed for two years. There's room for sixteen 100mm square tiles, four 220mm diameter bowls, or two large champagne bottles.

The programmer can be upgraded from a Sentry Xpress 3-key to a Sentry 12-key or a Sentinel SmartTouch. Both have advanced and time-saving features, and control over optional extras: an electric kiln vent, a gas injection system, and a USB computer interface. However, unless you want those extras, an upgrade is probably more of a preference.

The top elements are embedded in rigidised ceramic-fibre board, so there's no firebrick dust to fall on your work. However, although the heavy body is on three springs, always take care lowering it.

Because the whole body lifts up it's easy to put work in, arrange the pieces, and take it out. The firebrick base is reversible so, if you do have a glass accident, you won't have to buy a new set of bricks.

It's important to understand the difference between between the Fusion 19, described above, and the CS19S and CS19D. The Fusion 19 has normal opening: the lid. The CS19S has single opening: the lid and body joined together. And the CS19D has double opening: the lid separately or the lid and the body together.

THE PARAGON FUSION CS19D

GLASS ANNEALING, CASTING, FUSING, SAGGING, AND SLUMPING
Paragon Fusion CS19D Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, And Slumping Glass. Paragon Fusion CS19D Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, And Slumping Glass. Paragon Blue Or Customised Berry, Black, Jade, Navy, Pink, Purple, Or Turquoise. Orton-Paragon Sentry Xpress Programmer.

The Paragon Fusion CS19D For Glass Annealing, Beads, Casting, Fire Polishing, Fusing, Lampwork, Melting, Moulding, Sagging, And Slumping.

The CS19D is similar to the CS19S but, instead of just the body and lid lifting up together, the lid and body lift up separately, making it easier to arrange your work on the floor of the kiln. So, the D version has double opening: the lid and body separately.

To prevent the lid or body falling during opening, the kiln has two safety latches: one holds the lid closed when lifting the body and the other holds the body closed when lifting the lid.


The accessories, options, and upgrades for this kiln are the same as for the Fusion 19 and are in the on-line shop. However, the CS19D can't accept cut-outs in the side firebricks for bead-annealing doors or a glass viewing-window without sacrificing its general rigidity.

The programmer can be upgraded from a Sentry Xpress 3-key to a Sentry 12-key or a Sentinel SmartTouch. Both have advanced and time-saving features, and control over optional extras: an electric kiln vent, a gas injection system, and a USB computer interface. However, unless you want those extras, an upgrade is probably more of a preference.

It's important to understand the difference between between the Fusion 19, described above, and the CS19S and CS19D. The Fusion 19 has normal opening: the lid. The CS19S has single opening: the lid and body joined together. And the CS19D has double opening: the lid separately or the lid and the body together.

THE PARAGON FUSION CS26

GLASS ANNEALING, CASTING, FUSING, SAGGING, AND SLUMPING
Paragon Fusion CS-26 Kiln With A Sentry Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, And Slumping Glass. Paragon Fusion CS-26 Kiln With A Sentry Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, And Slumping Glass. Orton-Paragon Sentry Programmer. Bartlett-Paragon Touch-Screen Sentinel SmartTouch Programmer.

The Paragon Fusion CS26 For Glass Annealing, Beads, Casting, Fusing, Sagging, Slumping, And Lampwork.

The Paragon Fusion CS26 is a 925°C, four-sided, wired-in, top-opening, table-top kiln, with a ramp-hold Sentry 12-key digital programmer. Choose Paragon black, or customised berry, blue, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise.


Paragon uses inches, not mm. The Fusion CS26 is about 26 inches wide, 26 inches deep, and 13.25 inches high inside.


The UK-EU kiln is rated at 230V-240V 7200W, so it needs a 30A minimum wired-in power supply. It's fitted with a switch that cuts off power to the elements when the kiln is opened: a UK-EU legal safety requirement. However, never get careless: kilns are very hot and connected to the mains.

The external dimensions are 921mm x 1067mm x 705mm high. The base is slotted for ventilation and has four rubber feet. The body has a long stay-cool handle and two air-pistons for easy one-handed lifting. The shipping weight, including the crate, is about 240Kg.

The firing chamber measures 660mm x 660mm x 337mm high, and heats from the top and the sides with the top elements enclosed in quartz tubes over 70mm thick rigidised ceramic fibre and the side elements in dropped-recessed grooves in the 76mm thick bricks. For durability, the meeting edges of any ceramic-fibre and firebrick are hardened with refractory cement. The kiln has two electro-mechanical relays and a long-life nickel-chromium K-type thermocouple.

The programmer's electronic display prompts for heating rates, target temperatures, and hold times, making it easy to set up and re-use accurate drying, heating, holding, and cooling sequences.


The accessories, options, and upgrades for this kiln are in the on-line shop:

List. a berry, blue, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise respray: normally black
List. a programmer upgrade from a Sentry 12-key to a Sentinel Touch: more useful features: factory fitted
List. an electric kiln vent: factory fitted
List. an auxiliary power output for automatic vent control: factory fitted
List. a USB computer interface: factory fitted
List. a silent long-life mercury relay upgrade: factory fitted
List. a precision long-life S-type platinum-rhodium thermocouple upgrade: factory fitted
List. shelf kits and shelf paper
List. charcoal for the stainless steel container used for firing some metal clays
List. lost-wax burn-out, casting, and enamelling tray
List. ceramic fibre cloth
List. ceramic block
List. HEPA dust mask
List. clear protective glasses
List. glare-resistant glasses
List. heat-resistant gloves

EXTRACTS FROM REVIEWS, AND MY OPINION

The CS26 is a fully-programmable professional kiln for general glass work, and ideal for commercial studios as it's guaranteed for two years. There's room for sixteen 150mm square tiles, four 300mm diameter bowls, or three large champagne bottles. Because the whole body opens, it's easy to add, arrange, and remove glass, especially large panels.


It normally has an enhanced Sentry 12-key programmer. Features include thirty-five free-to-set sequences, each one with up to twenty segments, and automatic control over hardware options: an electric kiln vent, a gas injection system, and a USB computer interface.

Alternatively, you can choose an advanced touch-screen Sentinel Smart Touch. Features include those of the Sentry 12-key and real-time displays of voltage and current, a novice mode with prompts, firing sequences presented graphically, and wifi connectivity: so a functional upgrade not just a design preference.


The top is rigidised ceramic-fibre board and the top elements are in quartz tubes, so there's no firebrick dust to fall on your work. However, although the heavy lid is on air pistons, always take care lowering it.

THE FUSION CS26S RECOMMENDED SHELF KIT
Paragon Shelf Kits For The Fusion CS26S. Stainless Steel Pans for Activated Charcoal: 1 litre or 3 litres. Activated Charcoal: Coal or Coconut. Tray And Mesh For Lost Wax Burnout And Casting.

Shelf Kits For The Fusion CS26S.

The US-international kiln doesn't come with a shelf or posts or kiln wash so, if you don't need a shelf, you won't have to pay for one. However, there's a recommended kit, not included in the price: one durable 610mm x 610mm x 25mm cordierite shelf, four 12mm shelf posts, and 450gm of glass separator.

A pro shelf resists thermal fracture, provides a smooth stable work surface, protects the floor of the kiln's interior from glass accidents, and helps to even out any small temperature deviations during annealing, enamelling, firing, and fusing as the elements turn on and off.

Depending on the material or process, and the sizes of your pieces, stacked shelves will hold more work, free up your time, and reduce the unit firing cost, so there's an extra kit, not included in the price: one 610mm x 610mm x 25mm shelf and four posts. This kiln has room for two shelves so you can choose 12mm, 25mm, 50mm, 75mm, 100mm, or 150mm props. However, a second shelf might not suit some processes that need direct radiant heat from the top.


Although this kin is never described as a lost-wax burnout kiln, you can buy a lost-wax burnout tray. There are two parts: a stainless steel tray and a metal mesh that fits inside the tray. The melting wax drops into the tray instead of onto the floor of the kiln. The mesh can also be used for supporting beads, enamel work, and fused glass.

THE PARAGON FUSION OVATION 1013

GLASS ANNEALING, CASTING, FUSING, SAGGING, AND SLUMPING
Paragon Fusion Ovation Kiln With A Sentry Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, And Slumping Glass. Paragon Fusion Ovation Kiln With A Sentry Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, And Slumping Glass. Paragon Rolling Stand With Casters. Orton-Paragon Sentry Programmer.

The Paragon Fusion Ovation 1013 For Glass Annealing, Beads, Casting, Fire Polishing, Fusing, Lampwork, Melting, Moulding, Sagging, And Slumping.

The Paragon Fusion Ovation 1013 is a 925°C, ten-sided, wired-in, top-opening, floor-standing kiln, with a ramp-hold Sentry 12-key digital programmer. Choose Paragon blue or customised berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise. However, it's only the control boxes that are painted: not the whole kiln.


Paragon uses inches, not mm. The Fusion Ovation 1013 has 10 sides and is about 41 inches wide, 22.5 inches deep, and 13 inches high.


The UK-EU kiln is rated at 230V-240V 9000W, so it needs a 38A minimum wired-in power supply. It's fitted with a switch that cuts off power to the elements when the kiln is opened: a UK-EU legal safety requirement. However, never get careless: kilns are very hot and connected to the mains.

The external dimensions are 1448mm x 991mm x 1016mm high. The stainless steel and firebrick body has four lifting handles and two wide-view peephole-vents in the front. The lid is hinged along the back edge, is spring-assisted for easy one-handed lifting, and has a fold-away locking support. The two separate stands, which replace the legs shown in the first photo, are 610mm x 610mm x 305mm high and have four optional lockable casters. The shipping weight, including the crate, is about 216Kg.

The firing chamber measures 1041mm x 572mm x 330mm, and heats from the top and sides, with the elements in dropped recessed grooves in the 76mm thick firebrick lid and sides. The meeting edges of the lid and body are hardened with refractory cement. The kiln has two electro-mechanical relays and a long-life nickel-chromium K-type thermocouple.

The programmer's electronic display prompts for heating rates, target temperatures, and hold times, making it easy to set up and re-use accurate drying, heating, holding, and cooling sequences.


The accessories, options, and upgrades for this kiln are in the on-line shop:

List. a berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise control box respray: normally blue
List. a programmer upgrade from a Sentry 12-key to a Sentinel Touch Screen: more useful features: factory fitted
List. two 50mmx 50mm heat-resistant glass viewing-windows: factory fitted
List. an electric kiln vent: factory fitted
List. an auxiliary power output for automatic vent control: factory fitted
List. a USB computer interface: factory fitted
List. a silent long-life mercury relay upgrade: factory fitted
List. a precision long-life S-type platinum-rhodium thermocouple upgrade: factory fitted
List. shelf kits and shelf paper
List. ceramic fibre cloth
List. ceramic block
List. HEPA dust mask
List. clear protective glasses
List. glare-resistant glasses
List. heat-resistant gloves

EXTRACTS FROM REVIEWS, AND MY OPINION

The Fusion Ovation 1013 is a fully-programmable professional kiln for general glass work, and ideal for commercial studios as it's guaranteed for two years. It's large enough to hold several stacked shelves, arranged as full shelves, half shelves, or a mix.


It normally has an enhanced Sentry 12-key programmer. Features include thirty-five free-to-set sequences, each one with up to twenty segments, and automatic control over hardware options: an electric kiln vent, a gas injection system, and a USB computer interface. An optional cone-fire mode, up to cone 10, will simplify your work with ceramics.

Alternatively, you can choose an advanced touch-screen Sentinel Smart Touch. Features include those of the Sentry 12-key and real-time displays of voltage and current, a novice mode with prompts, firing sequences presented graphically, and wifi connectivity: so a functional upgrade not just a design preference.


There are other similar versions: the 925°C Fusion Ovation 1022 and 1213 for glass work, and the 1290°C Janus Ovation 1022 for ceramics. For details, call or mail.

THE FUSION OVATION 1013 RECOMMENDED SHELF KIT
Paragon Shelf Kits For The Fusion Ovation And Janus Ovation. Stainless Steel Pans for Activated Charcoal: 1 litre or 3 litres. Activated Charcoal: Coal or Coconut. Tray And Mesh For Lost Wax Burnout And Casting.

Shelf Kits For The Fusion Ovation 1013.

The US-international kiln doesn't come with a shelf or posts or kiln wash so, if you don't need a shelf, you won't have to pay for one. However, there's a recommended kit, not included in the price: two durable 533mm x 457mm x 15mm half-oval cordierite shelves, six 12mm shelf posts, and 450gm of glass separator.

A pro shelf resists thermal fracture, provides a smooth stable work surface, protects the floor of the kiln's interior from glass accidents, and helps to even out any small temperature deviations during annealing, enamelling, firing, and fusing as the elements turn on and off.

Depending on the material or process, and the sizes of your pieces, stacked shelves will hold more work, free up your time, and reduce the unit firing cost, so there's an extra kit, not included in the price: two durable 533mm x 457mm x 15mm half-oval shelves and six posts. This kiln has room for two shelves so you can choose 12mm, 25mm, 50mm, or 75mm props. However, a second shelf might not suit some processes that need direct radiant heat.


However, if you want to work on one continuous surface, there's an alternative kit recommended by Paragon, not included in the price: one oval 965mm x 520mm x 25mm IPS Dyson CoreLite extruded shelf and four 500mm x 38mm x 50mm shelf-support rails. The batts are diamond-ground on all surfaces for size and flatness.

But, you'll need to read the manufacturer's instructions as it might crack if it overheats in one place or if the heating rate is faster than 110°C per hour.

THE PARAGON FUSION CS5630

GLASS ANNEALING, CASTING, FUSING, SAGGING, AND SLUMPING
Paragon Fusion CS5630 Kiln With A Sentry Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, Moulding, And Slumping Glass. Paragon Fusion CS5630 Kiln With A Sentry Controller For Annealing, Fusing, Moulding, And Slumping Glass. Orton-Paragon Sentry Programmer. Bartlett-Paragon Touch-Screen Sentinel SmartTouch Programmer.

The Paragon Fusion CS5630 For Glass Annealing, Beads, Casting, Fire Polishing, Fusing, Lampwork, Melting, Moulding, Sagging, And Slumping.

The Paragon CS5630 is a 925°C, four-sided, wired-in, top-opening, floor-standing kiln, with a ramp-hold Sentry 12-key digital programmer. In Paragon black, or customised berry, blue, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise.


Paragon uses inches, not mm. The Fusion CS5630 is about 56 inches wide, 30 inches deep, and 16 inches high inside.


The UK-EU kiln is rated at 230V-240V 16000W, so it needs a 67A minimum wired-in power supply. It's fitted with a switch that cuts off power to the elements when the kiln is opened: a UK-EU legal safety requirement. However, never get careless: kilns are very hot and connected to the mains.

The external dimensions are 1791mm x 1346mm x 1321mm high. The body has two 50mm x 75mm peephole-vents with hinged covers in the opposite sides, and four legs with heavy-duty lockable castors and levellers. The lid has three handles and two pneumatic cylinders for easy one-handed lifting. The shipping weight, including the crate, is about 695Kg.

The firing chamber measures 1422mm x 762mm x 406mm high and heats from the top, all the sides, and the bottom. The ten top elements are in quartz tubes over 76mm thick rigidised ceramic-fibre board. The side elements are in dropped recessed grooves in the 76mm thick firebricks, with a 25mm layer of rigidised ceramic-fibre board behind. The floor elements are in grooves in the 114mm thick firebricks. The kiln has two mercury relays and a long-life nickel-chromium K-type thermocouple.

A motorized Orton Vent Master is mounted in the back wall of the kiln on rubber isolators to prevent vibration. It removes moisture and gases from the kiln through two rear-mounted collection cups. It plugs into an auxiliary output in the back of the kiln so it can be controlled by the programmer.

The programmer's electronic display prompts for heating rates, target temperatures, and hold times, making it easy to set up and re-use accurate heating, holding, and cooling sequences. It includes a power-ratio feature so that you can control the balance between the top and bottom elements.


The accessories, options, and upgrades for this kiln are in the on-line shop:

List. a berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise respray: normally blue
List. a programmer upgrade from a Sentry 12-key to a Sentinel Touch: more useful features: factory fitted
List. a USB computer interface: factory fitted
List. a precision long-life S-type platinum-rhodium thermocouple upgrade: factory fitted
List. shelf kits and shelf paper
List. ceramic fibre cloth
List. ceramic block
List. HEPA dust mask
List. clear protective glasses
List. glare-resistant glasses
List. heat-resistant gloves

EXTRACTS FROM REVIEWS, AND MY OPINION

The Fusion CS5630 is a fully-programmable professional kiln for general glass work, and ideal for commercial studios as it's guaranteed for two years. There's room for eight 300mm x 300mm glass tiles, large bowls and plates, glass panels, and architectural features.


It normally has an enhanced Sentry 12-key programmer. Features include thirty-five free-to-set sequences, each one with up to twenty segments, and automatic control over hardware options: an electric kiln vent, a gas injection system, and a USB computer interface.

Alternatively, you can choose an advanced touch-screen Sentinel Smart Touch. Features include those of the Sentry 12-key and real-time displays of voltage and current, a novice mode with prompts, firing sequences presented graphically, and wifi connectivity: so a functional upgrade not just a design preference.

Both programmers have a power-ratio feature that can vary the heat distribution in increments of 10% between the top and bottom elements. The different heating options might be better for some applications.


Because the whole body opens, it's easy to add, arrange, and remove glass, especially large panels. And the fibreboard top helps keep the interior dust-free.

THE FUSION CS5630S RECOMMENDED SHELF KIT
Paragon Shelf Kits For The Fusion CS5630 And Pearl-56. Stainless Steel Pans for Activated Charcoal: 1 litre or 3 litres. Activated Charcoal: Coal or Coconut. Tray And Mesh For Lost Wax Burnout And Casting.

Shelf Kits For The Fusion CS5630.

The US-international kiln doesn't come with a shelf or posts or kiln wash so, if you don't need a shelf, you won't have to pay for one. However, there's a recommended kit, not included in the price: two durable 610mm x 610mm x 25mm cordierite shelves, eight 12mm shelf posts, and 450gm of glass separator.

A pro shelf resists thermal fracture, provides a smooth stable work surface, protects the floor of the kiln's interior from glass accidents, and helps to even out any small temperature deviations during annealing, enamelling, firing, and fusing as the elements turn on and off.

Depending on the material or process, and the sizes of your pieces, stacked shelves will hold more work, free up your time, and reduce the unit firing cost, so there's an extra kit, not included in the price: two 610mm x 610mm x 25mm shelves and eight posts. This kiln has room for three shelves so you can choose 12mm, 25mm, 50mm, 75mm, 100mm, or 150mm props.

However, if you want to work on one continuous surface, there's an alternative kit recommended by Paragon, not included in the price: one rectangular 1346mm x 686mm x 35mm IPS Dyson CoreLite extruded shelf and four 600mm x 38mm x 50mm shelf-support rails. The batts are ground on all surfaces for size and flatness.

However, you'll need to read the manufacturer's instructions as it might crack if it overheats in one place or if the heating rate is faster than 110°C per hour. And it's very expensive.

RECOMMENDED READING
General Help and FAQs For Kilns. Paragon Kiln Shelf Kit. Paragon Relay. Paragon Transformer.

Kilns, Digital Programmers, Kiln Furniture, Options, Upgrades, Firing, Kiln Logs, Accessories, Materials, Parts, Processes, Repairs, And Tools.

The remaining sections are recommended reading, unless you're already using kilns successfully.


Cherry Heaven has been a Paragon distributor since 2002, and commended every year for outstanding performance. Paragon kilns are good value: buy Paragons and you could save enough to treat yourself to a luxury five-star weekend break.

Anyone can buy a kiln to resell and call themselves a specialist, but a top-tier distributor understands all the kilns, options, and upgrades, will stock spares, offers free competent technical support, can help you repair your kiln, provides on-line repair videos, has a repair workshop, and can access Paragon's extensive knowledge-base.

If you need help, you can mail an experienced technician or call . Alternatively, to learn more about how your kiln works, use the help link below the menu bar near the top of the page.

AN ELECTRIC VENT FOR KILNS

Orton-Paragon Kiln VentMaster: Unassembled. Orton-Paragon Oven Vent Outlet. Orton-Paragon Kiln Fan Motor Unit. Orton-Paragon Kiln Auxiliary Power Socket.

The Orton-Paragon Vent Master Kiln Vent.

A Paragon-Orton Vent Master removes airborn pollutants straight away and redirects them to the outside through a flexi-pipe. The kilns can be factory-readied, so the vent just needs on-site assembly. It's on-off times can be controlled by the programmer.

Refreshing the air in a kiln minimises surface blemishes when firing clays, ensures brighter colours when firing glasses, prevents colour contamination when firing different glazes, and removes pollutants when heat-treating metals.

The vent motor isn't so powerful that the heat-up time and maximum temperature are reduced, but the cooling time is, depending on the size of the kiln.


The UK-EU vent motor is rated at 230V-240V 132W, so it can use a regular mains socket. The suction cup, in the second photo, and pipe are attached to the kiln but the motor can be remote: it doesn't get hot and the fan is easy to clean.

There's always a small gap, for expansion, around any kiln door or lid, so enough new air can be drawn in to replace the old air being drawn out. However, peepholes act as straight-through cold-air inlets: so you might not want them or block them with some ceramic cloth?

The vent can be turned on and off manually. Alternatively, if the kiln has a Sentry or a Sentinel programmer, the vent can be plugged into the kiln's auxiliary power outlet and controlled by the programmer. The power outlet, in the fourth photo, has to be fitted during manufacture: so decide before you order.


As with Paragon kilns, Orton Vent Masters can be re-engineered for any electrical system. They conform to the demanding 1992 Uniform Mechanical Code and the UL standard, and are CE Marked for the EU. They have a two year limited warranty.

A BRIEF INTRODUCTION TO GLASS AND GEMS

Obsidian. Fish. Curved Glass by Infabbrica. Lauscha By Carrie Fertig.

What Is Glass?

The main component of glass is silicon dioxide, often called silica: found naturally and plentifully as sand. When it melts, at around 1700°C, it's like syrup on a cold day. When it cools, it forms a rigid brittle glass called quartz glass.

To lower the melting point, and reduce the cost of melting, chemicals are added: typically sodium carbonate and calcium oxide. Other chemicals, and different heating and cooling processes, produce a range of colours and mechanical properties.

Chemically, glass is defined as an amorphous solid but, as it's heated, it becomes softer allowing it to be blown, cast, coated, decorated, engraved, heat-treated, moulded, poured, pressed, sagged, and slumped.

A form of glass occurs naturally within the mouth of a volcano when the intense heat of an eruption melts sand to form Obsidian, a hard black-to-brown glassy type of stone, shown in the photo. Although it was used decoratively, when it fractures it has very sharp edges, many times sharper than a steel knife-edge, so was also used for tools and weapons: and the pitiful rituals of circumcision and female genital mutilation.

ANNEALING
Annealed Beads Made Into A Necklace.

What Is Annealing?

Very briefly, annealing generally involves heating glass or metal to it's annealing point, maintaining a specific temperature for a set time, and then cooling it to room temperature.

During annealing, fabrication stresses are relieved as the molecules cool and arrange themselves into a regular stable matrix. Successful annealing is the key to creating work that will remain attractive and durable. It can be quite a long process, and involve multiple phases, so a kiln with an automatic comprehensive programmer is essential.

FREE BEAD ANNEALING GUIDE

A Bead Annealing Guide.

You can download, and print, a Bead Annealing Guide. Paragon created it in 2013 so it's only a guide, not a contemporary definitive document. Click here. It's a pdf file, but your device should already have a pdf viewer.

BOILED GLASS
Boiled Glass.

Glass scraps, with optional bubble powder, are put in a tray or a mould and heated. As the temperature increases the glasses begin to bubble. The bubbles mix the colours and give a natural organic appearance. The glasses need to be compatible as different colours and expansion coefficient might not work, so the boiled glass technique needs experiment and practice.

You increase the temperature at about 300°C per hour to 925°C with no bubble squeeze and soak for 10–15 minutes. Then allow the kiln to drop the temperature as fast as possible to about 815°C and soak there for around 30 minutes to allow the little bubbles to rise to the surface and burst. Then reduce to the annealing temperature and soak for the thickness you calculated in preparation for the firing.

CUBIC ZIRCONIA
Cubic Zirconia.

What Are Cubic Zirconia.

Cubic Zirconia is the most popular substitute for a diamond because they look almost dentical. Cubic Zirconia or CZ, is made from zirconium dioxide which comes closer than any other gem to matching the characteristics of a diamond. It's not quite as hard as diamond and is slightly less sparkly but displays more prismatic fire with more colour sparkles within the gem, especially if metal oxides are added during the production process.

Caring for CZ is important because they are more brittle than diamonds and susceptible to wear and tear such as chipping and scratches over time.

DECALS
Rose By Arwen Moore Design.

What Are Decals?

A decal or transfer is an image or pattern printed on a ceramic, cloth, paper, or plastic substrate that can be moved on to another surface, usually with the aid of water and heat.

A wet decal can be slid into position, allowed to dry, and then heated in a kiln. Most ceramic decals come with a cone number for easy firing, typically cone 022. The programmer on the Paragon Fusion 7XL has pre-set cone numbers as well as the normal ramp-hold options used for general glass work.

Decals are a quick and fun way to decorate bottles, glasses, and vases, as most low-fire ceramic decals and low-fire glass decals will work very well, even on float glass.

DIAMONDS
Diamond.

What Are Diamonds?

Diamonds are not a form of glass: they're naturally occurring gems composed of carbon atoms arranged in a very regular pattern.

Between 1 billion to 3.3 billion years ago, simple carbon containing trace minerals was transformed into diamonds by heat and pressure at depths of over 100 miles below the earth’s surface. We can’t mine down far enough to reach the earth’s mantle but fortunately volcanic eruptions brought the diamonds closer to the surface. They're extremely hard and until recently were regarded as the world's hardest natural material.

Although diamonds are extremely expensive, their price is governed by carat, cut, colour, and clarity. It’s very rare to find a diamond that doesn’t contain flaws: however the impurities, and internal refraction and dispersion of light, give diamonds their brilliance.


Synthetic diamonds are manufactured and are identical in hardness, dispersion, gravity, refraction and chemical composition to the highest quality mined diamonds available. Whereas a one-carat top quality diamond would cost thousands of pounds to buy, the same quality man-made diamond could be made for less than £5.

This will obviously have a huge impact on the diamond industry over the next few years as when comparing a cultured and mined diamond side by side they are virtually undistinguishable. A bit like pearls, they can be grown from a single crystal using chemical vapor deposition.

DICHROIC GLASS
Dichroic Glass.

What Are Dichroic Glasses.

Dichroic glass has two different colours: a transmitted colour and a reflective colour, both of which change depending on the angle of view. For example blue-red will be blue in transmission and red in reflection.

During manufacture, quartz and metal oxides are vapourised onto the surface of the glass using a vacuum deposition process, forming a multi-layer crystal structure.

ENAMELLING
Enamelled Jewellery.

What Is Enamelling?

Enamelling involves applying a glass paste to metal and then heating it to fuse it to the surface. The finish of the enamel can be translucent or opaque depending on the temperature used to melt the glass. Higher temperatures result in a more transparent and durable enamel whilst lower temperatures give a more opaque and fragile surface. Dyes and pigments can be included to produce any colour.

The Paragon SC2 is ideal for enamelling, although other kilns are fine. So click the sc2-sc3:jewellery link below the menu bar near the top of the page. The SC-2W and SC-3W doors include a 50mm x 50mm heat-resistant glass viewing-window in the centre of the door, allowing you to take a quick peep at china paints, enamels, glass, and glazes to check on their progress

FIRE POLISHING
Fire Polished Glass.

What Is Fire Polishing?

To fire polish glass, return the items to the kiln and melt them just enough to give a smooth polished appearance. It needs a temperature of around 700°C, and is often used to round the edges of glass after fusing.

Fire polishing already-slumped items is more difficult because the polishing temperature is close to the slumping temperature and it can distort the appearance of the piece. So it generally works best for flat items, rather than slumped ones. It has the slight limitation that the part of the item that touches the kiln shelf won't polish.

FUSING, SAGGING, AND SLUMPING
Fused Glass.

What Is Glass Fusing?

If two or more pieces of glass in contact are heated, they begin to soften and fuse together. With careful heating and cooling, the separate pieces of glass become one.

If glass is put on a mould and heated, it begins to soften and collapse, or sag, onto the mould: a common technique for making bowls and plates.

Sagging and slumping are often thought of as being the same. Correctly: during sagging, heated glass, supported at its edges, sags down in the middle to conform to a mould; during slumping, heated glass, supported at its middle, slumps down at its edges to conform to a mould.

LAMPWORK AND BEADS
Beads.

What Is Lampwork?

Lamp-working is the traditional name for glasswork that uses a flame to melt glass rods and tubes. As the glass softens, it's shaped by turning and using tools.

Early lampworkers used an oil-lamp, and blew air into the flame through a pipe. Later, propane, natural gas, or butane torches replaced the lamp, although kilns are now increasingly popular, particularly for annealing.

Beads are usually made on steel rods, or mandrels. When the beads are finished, the rods are removed leaving holes for threading the beads. Cold working techniques can be used, such as etching, faceting, polishing, and sandblasting.

LOST-WAX BURNOUT
Paragon W13 Lost Wax Casting Kiln With A Sentry Programmer.

What Is Lost Wax Burnout And Casting.

Lost-wax burnout starts with making a wax shape and then making a mould of the shape. When the mould is heated in a kiln, the wax melts out through channels, usually over a burnout grate and into a tray. The shape is then cast in glass or metal from the mould.

It's important to prevent wax or carbon sticking to the elements, so burnout kilns have a top vent to release the fumes. Carbon build-up inside a kiln conducts electricity and can cause the elements to short circuit.

I've written some general instructions here but, as always, making anything successfully needs critical research and frequent tests, especially as things that work for your friends and teachers might not work in the same way for you. It's also very important to learn how to creatively use unexpected effects.

The most popular kilns for lost wax processes are the Paragon W series: the W13, W14, and W18. Learn about these by using the w:lost-wax-burnout link below the menu bar near the top of the page. Wax burnout trays, glare-resistant glasses, and heat-resistant gloves are in the on-line shop.

HOW TO DO LOST WAX BURNOUT

How To Do Lost Wax Burnout And Casting.

1 : Place a metal tray inside the kiln on a few 12mm posts. Place the mould on a grate on top of the tray. The mould’s sprue holes should face down. The tray will catch melting wax as it drips from the sprue holes.

2 : Keep the kiln’s vent hole open during wax elimination. If the kiln has no vent hole, leave the door open 12mm. This allows fumes to escape from the kiln. Heat the kiln to 148°C and hold it at that temperature for at least one hour. Do NOT heat the wax above 148°C.

3 : During this hour, the wax will melt from the mould and drip into the tray. If the kiln gets hotter than 148°C, the wax may smoke and deposit carbon inside your kiln, causing expensive damage.

4 : After one hour at 148°C, open the kiln. Remove the mould and wax tray. Pour the wax from the tray and leave the tray out of the kiln until your next wax elimination. Don't leave the tray in the kiln.

5 : Harden the mould to the temperature recommended by your mould material manufacturer.

6 : Finally, adjust the temperature to the casting temperature of the glass or metal. Hold at that temperature until you are ready to begin casting. Remove the mould with tongs. Wear protective gloves and safety glasses.


Over time, a small amount of carbon can form on the firing chamber walls as any wax residue left in the mould burns off. So I recommend that you periodically open the vent or leave the door open 12mm, and fire the kiln empty to 815°C at a rate of 166°C with a one hour hold.

MOISSANITE
Moissanite.

What Is Moissanite.

Moissanite is another diamond substitute which is a rare mineral found naturally in small quantities, although Moissanite for jewellery is artificially made. It’s made from Silicon Carbide which means it’s able to withstand high temperatures and is very hard.

Moissanite is noticeably much sparklier and displays more prismatic fire than a diamond which is noticeable even to an untrained observer. Moissanite does have inclusions like a diamond and it may also have a greenish tinge to its colour.

PÂTE DE VERRE
Pâte De Verre.

What Is Pâte De Verre?

Pâte de verre involves making a glass paste, applying it to a mould, firing it, and removing the piece from the mould. The glass paste is usually made from glass powder, a binder such as gum arabic, distilled water, and colouring agents or enamels. It allows precise placing of colours in the mould, whereas other techniques often result in the glass straying from its intended position.

I think, currently, Daum is the only large commercial crystal manufacturer using the pâte de verre process for art glass and crystal sculptures.

SLUMPING BOTTLES
Slumped Bottle.

What Is Glass Slumping?

This a simple technique but it requires good ideas. A bottle, such as those used for wine, beer, cola, or champagne, is softened in a kiln so that it begins to flatten out or conforms to a mould. There are too many moulds to stock here but there are lots available on line. Or make your own from clay.

The bottles need to be clean and dry, with all paper labels and tops removed. Put them in your kiln on a shelf, either with shelf paper or kiln wash to prevent the glass sticking to the shelf.

Paragon makes a kiln designed for this: the Trio. So click the trio link below the menu bar near the top of the page. It's wide enough for most bottles but can still use a regular socket.

STAINED GLASS
Stained Glass.

What Is Stained Glass?

Stained glass is glass that has been coloured by adding metallic salts during its manufacture. The coloured glass is crafted into stained glass windows in which small pieces of glass are arranged to form patterns or pictures, traditionally held together by strips of lead and supported by a rigid frame. Painted details and yellow stain are often used to enhance the design.

The term stained glass is also applied to windows in which the colours have been painted onto the glass and then fused to the glass in a kiln.

It requires artistic skill to conceive an appropriate and workable design, and engineering skills to assemble the piece. A window must fit snugly into the space for which it is made, must resist wind and rain, and also, especially in the larger windows, must support its own weight. Many large windows have withstood the test of time and remained substantially intact since the Late Middle Ages.

SWAROVSKI CRYSTAL
Swarovski Crystal.

What Is Swarovski Crystal?

Swarovski Crystal isn’t a gemstone or even a crystal: it’s a form of glass made at high temperatures by melting silicon oxide powders with lead to form what is known as lead crystal. The exact process is patented by Swarovski but it has approximately 32% lead content to increase the crystals refraction index to resemble that of a diamond. To produce a diamond like effect the crystal glass is precision cut and then polished again by a Swarovski patented process that gives the crystal a high quality finish.

The crystals are often further enhanced by coating the glass with an Aurora Borealis or AB coating that gives the surface a rainbow like appearance to simulate dispersion from a diamond. Swarovski crystal is not as hard as diamond so its susceptible to scratches and chipping from wear and tear, but it’s harder than standard glass.

TACK FUSING
Tack Fused Glass.

What Is Tack Fusing?

Tack fusing is the joining together of glass, with as little change to the shape of the pieces as possible. Tack fusing may be used either decoratively, or to assemble a large piece of glass from laminations.

Where tack fusing is used to apply small decorative details to a larger piece, you might want to partially melt the small pieces so that they change shape, usually becoming more spherical under the influence of surface tension, but without changing the shape of the carrier piece. This can be done by using an increased temperature, but only briefly. The carrier piece has a larger thermal mass, so heats up more slowly than the small decorations.

VITRIGRAPH WORK
Glass Stringers. Paragon Caldera Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Vitrigraph. Ceramic-Fibre Boards. Crucible.

What Is Vitrigraph?

The vitrigraph process usually uses a Paragon Caldera kiln to make glass stringers. The clip-on bottom of the kiln is removed and set aside. The kiln body is put on a thick ceramic rectangle with a central hole. The rectangle is put on two wall brackets or any stable structure away from the floor.

A crucible of glass is put in the kiln and, as it heats, the moulten glass falls through a hole in the crucible to form long stringers. Skilled artists can control the thickness of the stringers and can even draw with the glass as it comes out.


The Caldera needs a 500mm x 400mm x 50mm rectangle, which we cut for you from a much larger sheet. Normal kiln shelves are made from cordierite: a very dense hard ceramic. A suitable-size rectangle would be fairly heavy and hard to cut and drill, so we we use ceramic-fibre board. Ceramic-fibre rectangles are in the on-line shop.

Ceramic-fibre board is made from vacuum-formed fibre. It doesn't retain heat, has a low thermal conductivity, and is stable at temperatures up to 1430°C. If you need to trim it, use a knife, handsaw, or electric jigsaw, but cut it neatly because, as it's fibrous, you can't use a file or sandpaper successfully.


When you work with any fibrous material, don't get the fibres on your hands or breathe them in: ideally, you should put on gloves, wear a HEPA dust mask, use clear protective glasses, and wash your hands afterwards.

WARM GLASS
Warm Glass Flower Bowl.

What Is Warm Glass?

The term warm glass refers to fusing, slumping, and other glass processes which take place at temperatures between about 600°C to 925°C. Although that doesn't sound warm, it is when you compare it to glassblower's working temperatures, which often exceed 1100°C. Warm glass is sometimes called kiln-formed glass.

PARAGON KILNS INTERNATIONAL DISTRIBUTOR

KILNS, OVENS, FURNACES, PARTS, AND SUPPORT
Paragon Sentry Xpress Programmer PCB. Paragon Type-K Thermocouple. Paragon Relay. Paragon Shelf Kit.

Paragon Kilns, Furnaces, and Ovens For Annealing, Beads, Ceramics, Enamels, Glass, Jewellery, Knife Making, Lost Wax, Silver Clays, Heat Treating, Lampwork, Porcelain, And Vitrigraph.

is a Cherry Heaven internet resource. Cherry Heaven is a top-tier international distributor for Texas-made Paragon kilns, furnaces, and ovens, and has been one of their top-selling partners from 2006 to : a pleasing outcome since the UK is only one third the area of Texas and one fortieth the area of the US.

As this is an on-line resource, there isn't a paper catalogue or a price list. However, you can mail or call a technician about kilns, power supplies, public area safety, a special project, business ideas, diagnostics, repairs, or reselling opportunities.


Art Clay UK. Bartlett kiln Controllers. Cherry Heaven. Electric Kilns. Electric Tumblers. Kitiki. Learning English. Lucas Cameron. Mini Kiln. Orton Kiln Controllers. Oxford English. Paragon Kilns UK. Paragon Kilns US. Professor English. Prometheus Kilns. Paragon Caldera. Paragon CS16D. Paragon KM18. Paragon KM18 PRO. Paragon KM18 XL D Double Barrel. Paragon KM24. Paragon KM24 PRO. Paragon KM24 XL D Double Barrel. Paragon SC2. Paragon Kilns UK. Accent Gold. Accessories And Tools. Art Clay Silver Clay.Paragon BlueBird Bead-Annealing Kilns. Bronze Clay. Paragon Caldera Ceramics Kilns. Paragon Catalogue Ceramics. Copper Clay. Silver Clay Courses. Photos Of Dorset. Paragon Dragon Ceramics And Glass Kilns. Eco-Green Practices. Frequently Asked Questions. Frequently Asked Questions. All About Firebricks. Paragon Fusion Glass Kilns. Paragon F LampWorking Kilns. Glass. Paragon GL Glass Kilns. Kiln Help. Paragon Home Artist Kilns. Paragon HT Heat-Treating Kilns. Image Transfer Solution. Paragon Janus Ceramics Kilns. Paragon KM Knife-Making Ovens. Kennet Equipment Leasing Limited. Lost-Wax Burnout And Casting. Contact By Mail. West Holme Map. Metal Clay Veneer. About Me. Paragon Pearl Glass Kilns. Kiln Photos. Paragon PMT Heat-Treating Furnaces. Programmers. Paragon SC Jewellery Kilns. Silver Etch. Paragon Kilns Shop. Paragon TNF Ceramics Kilns. Paragon Trio Slumping Kiln. Tumblers And Polishers. TV Programmes. Paragon Viking Ceramics Kilns. Paragon Vitrigraph. Paragon Vulcan Crucible And Glass Kilns. Paragon W Jewellery Kilns. Paragon Xpress Ceramics Kilns.


UK To EU Plug Adapter.
Ceramic Block.
Ceramic Cloth.
EU Plug.
UK-EU Adapter.
Dry Powder Extinguisher.
Glare Resistant Glasses.
HEPA Mask.
heat-resistant Gloves.
Kitiki Cutters.
Kitiki Flush Cutters.
Kitiki Flat-Nose Pliers.
Kitiki Pointed-Nose Pliers.
Kitiki Bent-Nose Pliers.
Kitiki Round-Nose Pliers.
Protective Glasses.
Potter & Brumfield Relay.
Dorset, SW England.
UK 13A Plug.
Large Rubber Drum 950gm Open
The AX-4 Digital Controller.
MiniKiln Closed.
Bartlett-Paragon Touch Screen Digital Controller.
Paragon BlueBird Bead Annealing Kiln.
Lauscha by Carrie Fertig.
Activated Charcoal Granules.
Paragon Caldera Ceramics And Glass Kiln.
Paragon Caldera Bead, Enamels, And Glass Kiln.
Paragon Crucible.
Paragon Fusion CS14D Glass Kiln.
Paragon Fusion CS14SB Glass And Bead Kiln.
Paragon Caldera XL Ceramics Kiln.
Paragon F500 Lampwork Kiln.
Paragon FireFly Ceramics Kiln.
Paragon Fusion 7 Glass Kiln.
Paragon Fusion 8 Glass Kiln.
Paragon GL18ADTSD Glass Kiln.
Paragon HT-14D Heat Treating Furnace.
Paragon Janus 1613 Ceramics Kiln.
Paragon KM18D Knife Making Oven.
Paragon-Orton Vent Master: Unassembled.
Paragon-Orton Vent Master: Suction Cup.
Paragon Pearl 22 Glass Kiln.
Paragon PMT21 Heat Treating Kiln.
Paragon Door Peephole And Vent.
Stainless Steel Pans.
Paragon SC-2 Black Jewellery Kiln.
Paragon SC2 Jewellery Kiln.
Paragon SC2B Bead-Door Kiln.
Paragon SC2W Enamelling Kiln.
Paragon SC4 Glass Kiln.
Paragon SC2BW Jewellery And Bead Kiln.
Paragon SC2D Pro-3 Jewellery Kiln.
Paragon SC2 Shelf Kit.
Paragon SC-2 Jade Jewellery Kiln.
Paragon SC-2 Black Jewellery Kiln.
Orton-Paragon Sentry Xpress Programmer.
Orton-Paragon Sentry Programmer.
Bartlett-Paragon Sentinel Touch-Screen Controller.
Paragon SC-2 Pink Jewellery Kiln.
Paragon SC-2 Pro Black Jewellery Kiln.
Paragon SC-2 Turqoise Jewellery Kiln.
Paragon SC-2 Purple Jewellery Kiln.
Paragon SC-2 Navy Jewellery Kiln.
Paragon SC-2 Berry Jewellery Kiln.
Paragon ST-8 Kiln Table.
Paragon Kiln Table With Casters.
Paragon TNF 1613 Ceramics Kiln.
Paragon GL24 Kiln Table.
Paragon Xpress 1613 Top Row Of Bricks.
Paragon W Lost-Wax Casting Kiln.
Paragon Lost-Wax Burnout Tray With Grille.
Paragon Lost-Wax Burnout Tray With Grid.
USB Plug.
Paragon Xpress E-12 Jewellery Kiln.
Paragon Xpress E-12B Bead Kiln.
Paragon Xpress E-14 Glass Kiln.
Paragon Xpress Q-11 Ceramics Kiln.
Paragon Vitrigraph Kiln.
Prometheus Pro-7.